[People] Human Rights: Networks and Defenders – by Renato Mabunga
By: Renato G. Mabunga
Human rights from its very inception are a large and encompassing concept. It talks about human dignity. It is all about dignity… and it is for ALL regardless race, color, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Accordingly, it has evolved from the idea that the world is governed by an invisible order which has endowed every person the concept of a perfect justice discernable by reason; making all humans equal in status of rights and dignity. This concept of perfect justice has fortified both reason and conscience of each person to act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood/sisterhood without distinction, without discrimination. This makes dignity a relational and a dynamic term and not just an empty concept or an ideal. It becomes tangible in a relationship. It finds meaning in relation with others and may be totally restored only with the help of others or of a network.
A network on the other hand, is a complex set of systems, which amplifies a message or a need or a call. From the viewpoint of Organization Development (OD), network is the interconnection of various systems to take the form of a whole. From individual HRD’s focal system to his or her organization as sub-systems, to his/her direct networks or the macro and related systems dealing with the protection of human rights defenders and victims down to other external organizations – the mega-system – dealing with human rights and upholding dignity of persons and communities in general. It is a web of strings from which, one system provides and receives support to and from another system to ensure achievement of a larger goal. An organization as a system in this regard maybe compartmentalized with various departments or programs doing specific jobs, yet in a larger view, each output serves the “reason for being” or the mandate of the organization. Such implementation of mandate is the its contribution to a larger network of systems or to the larger whole working for the protection of human rights defenders and the promotion of human rights in general. This defines the lines of engagement of each organization to a network in the overall platform of protection for HRDs.
This is the ideal role of a network: to facilitate and process information, come up with specific plans and arrive at concrete actions or activities within the bounds of each organizational mandate and philosophy to arrest and eliminate impending threats to organization or so as not to disrupt the dynamism of the “whole”.
Yet given the differences of each political beliefs and the degree of condition faced by each HRD, the ideal role of a network has become more of a challenge rather than a natural flow of relations. At the onset, it is obstructed by external environment or external systems – the government, its security forces and other instrumentalities. A case in point is the stigmatization of HRDs as “enemies of the state”. Modern historical development of this terminology can be traced back when the Philippine government wantonly exerts all energies in winning the “war’ against insurgency. From way back when freedom lovers were called “guerrillas” during the Spanish, Japanese and American occupation, to being tagged as “rebels, communists and insurgents” during the cold war campaigns and “terrorists and separatists” at the time of the post 9/11 era. This idea has been galvanized into the psyche of ordinary Filipino people. That, when an issue related to security of HRDs crops up, organizations have to battle up explaining first the legitimacy of human rights work before it can go into discussing the merits of the case itself. It becomes mindset for most Filipinos when seeing people doing fact-finding missions, documenting cases, rallying and demonstrating in front of government offices and public places, to mark them as anti-government for reason that existing norm calls it to be so — a nuisance, opt to destabilize the government.
Within human rights organizations or within the network system itself, it is confronted with a much more dilemma. A strong political and ideological divide impacts on and weakens the overall capacity of the human rights network. It softens foundation for protection and decelerates resolution of cases of human rights violations. “Turfing” is commonly the name of the game – those who do not toe the line of internal political directives, has no right to middle into the affairs of a case allegedly under the command of other’s. Most often than not, the principle of non-cooperation is at work. Worst, basic human rights principle of non-discrimination is breached.
Mistrust is plaguing internal relationship of the Philippine human rights movement – a reality unconsciously forcing the movement back to the era of sectarianism and highly sectoral perspectives. It is losing the spirit of human rights for all. And, by being so, losing the war against violators and thereby losing tract of the struggle for justice.
Thus, given the concrete condition of country’s human rights movement today, one practical role of a network is to help reorient human rights work to include “all” particularly the protection and promotion of the rights of human rights defenders. Here, organizational vision, mission and programs must be revisited and aligned at resolving conflict in understanding and practical orientation on human rights and human rights work. Between each network of organizations and defenders is a primary challenge to build bridges rather than continually burning ones. To do this, is to start with small venues of cooperation – an issue-based cooperation that would slowly eradicate suspicions and initially rebuilds foundations of trust.
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- Protection and promotion of the rights of human rights defenders in the Philippines- HRD-Pilipinas (hronlineph.wordpress.com)
- [Press Release] Women’s rights group pays tribute to mothers and rights defenders on mothers’ day – Tanggol Bayi (hronlineph.wordpress.com)
- [Statement] “Walk the Talk”: Housing Rights Activists Call on ASEAN to Match Pro-People Claims with Human Rights Actions (hronlineph.wordpress.com)
- [Event] Eleventh session of the Human Rights Council’s Universal Periodic Review to be held from 2 to 13 May 2011 (hronlineph.wordpress.com)
- Among Ed leads human rights group – INQUIRER.net, Philippine News for Filipinos (hronlineph.wordpress.com)
- Amnesty International (gsb3.net)