[Statement] ASEAN: End systemic violence against womxn in Southeast Asia -Forum-Asia

(Bangkok/Jakarta, 10 March 2020) – In conjunction with International Women’s Day 2020, the Asian Forum for Development and Human Rights (FORUM-ASIA) is calling on Member States of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) to enact legislation to tackle sexual and gender-based violence in the region.

Apart from legislation, FORUM-ASIA is also calling on the Member States to establish a mechanism where victims and survivors can seek justice.

FORUM-ASIA, a network of 81 non-governmental organizations across 21 countries in Asia, is concerned that three out of 10 women in the region[1] have experienced physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence, non-partner sexual violence, or both.

‘Instead of eliminating the root-causes of gender-based violence, ASEAN Member States have sponsored the discrimination and violence through the implementation of discriminatory laws and practices against womxn’s rights and fundamental freedoms,’ FORUM-ASIA says in a statement.

‘This has perpetuated a pervasive culture of impunity in which victims and survivors are silenced, and an environment of distrust towards law enforcement is created,’ it says.

FORUM-ASIA has found that womxn[2] in Southeast Asia experience systemic discrimination and violence as a result of heteropatriarchal hegemony and growing conservatism in the region. These manifest across all aspects of life, including physical, mental, as well as economic and socio-cultural aspects, both in public and private spaces.

A public dialogue organized by FORUM-ASIA and the Centre for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) on 6 March 2020 in Jakarta, Indonesia, titled ‘Women and Children at Risk: Struggle of Combating Violence and Discrimination in ASEAN’, highlighted a worrying trend: Womxn, particularly those with intersection identities who belong to marginalized groups, including womxn with disabilities, Lesbian, Bisexual, Trans, and Queer (LBTQ) womxn, womxn labor workers, womxn peacebuilders, womxn from ethnic and religious minority groups and women human rights defenders[3], are more vulnerable to multi-layered violence and discrimination. Rights-based organizations have documented many cases in which womxn with intersectional identities are criminalized and face intimidation when they seek justice.

‘The failure of ASEAN Member States to live up to their commitment to end discrimination and violence against women, as enshrined in the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) which all ASEAN Member States are party to, is dismal,’ the statement reads.

‘Despite a decade since the establishment of the ASEAN Commission on the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Women and Children (ACWC) within the ASEAN system, that has the mandate to advocate for victims and survivors, ASEAN has not been successful in holding the Member States to account the inability or unwillingness to provide effective protection and remedies for those in need. The inaction of both ASEAN and its Member States to address gender-based and sexual violence is alarming,’ FORUM-ASIA says.

As a regional body, ASEAN should hold its Member States accountable to their commitments to international human rights norms and standards. It needs to strengthen the ACWC to perform its mandate in providing advice on national and local regulations to ensure alignment with CEDAW and other international norms is one avenue.


FORUM-ASIA is a regional human rights group with 81 member organizations in 21 countries across Asia. FORUM-ASIA has offices in Bangkok, Jakarta, Geneva, and Kathmandu. FORUM-ASIA addresses key areas of human rights violations in the region, including freedoms of expression, assembly and association, human rights defenders, and democratization.

For further information, please contact:

– East Asia and ASEAN Programme, FORUM-ASIA, ea-asean@forum-asia.org

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