This bid is problematic and if approved (it has been given due course but not yet approved by the Comelec en banc), will set a dangerous precedent on 3 grounds. First, because this is a way of circumventing the constitutional prohibition against executive officials using government resources to campaign during the elections; second, because it is also a circumvention of the requirement for appointive officials to resign from their posts when the campaign period begins; and third, because it violates the rule that youth representatives must be 30 years old or less.
The party-list system in the Philippines
According to Republic Act No. 7941, or the Party-List System Act, an organized group of persons may register as a party, organization, or coalition for purposes of the party-list system. These groups can participate in the system as a national, regional, or sectoral party. If they participate as a sectoral party, they should represent laborers, peasants, fisherfolks, urban poor, indigenous cultural communities, the elderly, handicapped, women, youth, veterans, overseas workers, and professionals.
Each of these parties shall submit to the Comelec at least 5 names of members. These nominees will form the list from which party-list representatives shall be chosen in case the party-list group obtains the required number of votes.
The nominees for party-list representatives should be natural born citizens of the Philippines, registered voters, residents of the Philippines for a period of at least one year, able to read and write, bona fide members of the party or organization which they seek to represent for at least 90 days before election day, and at least 25 years of age on the day of the election.
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