Tag Archives: Libingan ng mga Bayani

[Blog] Five Reasons why Marcos should not be buried at the Libingan ng mga Bayani By Darwin Mendiola

Five Reasons why Marcos should be buried at the Libingan ng mga Bayani
By Darwin Mendiola

The commemoration of the 42nd anniversary of the Martial Law Declaration has once again revived the debate over whether former president Ferdinand Marcos should be buried at the Libingan ng mga Bayani (Heroes’ Cemetery).

Darwin 2

Although, President Benigno Aquino III has made it clear that the late president would not be laid to rest at the national pantheon under his watch, Sen. Bongbong Marcos, the late president’s son still expressed optimism that PNoy would soon have a change of heart and would finally give his father a state burial.

For those who were lucky not to be born yet during the dictatorial regime of the late president might be puzzled on what this fuss is all about that is seemingly dividing the country once again.

Some who are fortunate to have lived to tell their stories of sufferings during Martial Law are firm in their stand to deny Marcos of a hero’s burial. Others who have had enough of political bickering are now calling for forgiveness and reconciliation in order for the country to move forward.

However, the controversy here lies not on the very act of burying the remains of the late president at the Libingan ng mga Bayani but to be or not to be considered a hero in the context of a possible state burial.
Let me just give you some logical thoughts on this issue. Here are the five reasons why Marcos should not be buried at the Libingan ng mga Bayani:

#1 Republic Act No. 289 provides the main reason for the national pantheon as provided in its Section 1 which states that, “to perpetuate the memory of all the Presidents of the Philippines, national heroes and patriots for the inspiration and emulation of this generation and of generation still unborn.”

In short, it is reserved for those whom the nation honors for their service to the country. Marcos as a former President and Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces is not automatically qualified for there is also a disqualification clause that says that any personnel who dishonorably separated/reverted/discharged from the service or who were convicted by final judgment of the offense involving moral turpitude will be unentitled to be interred in the national pantheon.

Considering this very intent of the law and given the historical facts of what had transpired during Martial Law and the way the late president and his first family were chased out of Malacanang and out of the country through People Power Revolution, Marcos would hardly consider a hero worth emulating and an inspiration to the Filipinos and to the next generation.

A hero’s burial for the former dictator is desecrating the memories of our Filipino Heroes.

If this reason is not enough, we can go to the next one.

#2 Martial Law remains one of the darkest episodes in Philippine history. There were 3,257 victims of extra-judicial killings, 35,000 tortured, and 70,000 incarcerated under Marcos’ dictatorship.

In fact, Republic Act No. 10368 was recently passed by Philippine Congress as recognition for the heroism and sacrifices of all Filipinos who were victims of human rights violations under the Marcos regime.

Even long before that, 9,500 human rights victims who filed class suit against the Marcos already won $2 billion in damages in a Honolulu court which were affirmed by 2011 ruling by a United States Circuit Court in Hawaii.

A hero’s burial for the former dictator is an insult to the thousands of martial law victims.
Reference: http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/54a/062.html

If you are still unconvinced, let us now talk about the economy under the Marcos regime.

#3 The prosperity and progress under the Marcos regime is an illusion. In 1974, the poverty rate was 24%. By 1980 it was 40%. When Marcos assumed the presidency, the country’s foreign debt was US$1 billion. When Marcos fled to Hawaii, the country was heavily in debt with US$25 Billion. The bulk of these borrowed funds, according to sources had been stashed abroad.

Not only that the Marcoses and its associates were accused of plundering an estimated $10 billion from the Philippines, “Imeldific” is now synonymous to extravagant displays of wealth, sometimes to the point of vulgarity because of her lavish shopping trips to New York City with a huge entourage, spending millions on jewelry, clothes, and shoes.

It in noted that as of now, the Presidential Commission on Good Government had recovered 164 billion pesos (about $4 billion) since its creation, including a 150-carat ruby and a diamond tiara, hundreds of millions of dollars hidden in Swiss bank accounts and prime real estate in New York City.

A hero’s burial for the former dictator is a slap in the face of the millions of Filipinos who have suffered in grinding poverty while still paying for the debts of the Marcoses.

If that is still not sufficient enough, let’s see if you really know our history.
# 4 Having Marcos buried at the Libingan ng mga Bayani would mean rewriting our history. This will require revision of all history textbooks to glorify Marcos and depict the Martial Law as a peaceful and prosperous period in Philippine history.
It is not only a waste of public money but it will make our historians look like a bunch of fools. Filipinos are known to have short memories and are the most forgiving of people – a character that will always allow thieves, liars, scalawags and rascals to take advantage, but it does not mean we should stay ignorant and be naïve in allowing our history to be rewritten for some personal vested interests.
A hero’s burial for the former dictator is a shameless attempt to rewrite history.

Rewriting History?

People, it would appear have very short memories and it is this which prompts me to write my blog this morning. It was Edmund Burke, a renowned Irish philosopher …
View on grantleishman.weebl…Preview by Yahoo

If you are still not convinced yet, you are either too slow to get it or you are just simply stupid to understand that this issue is merely a desperate attempt of the Marcoses to reclaim their political power.

#5 Declaring Marcos as a hero, would serve well not only the personal but also the political interest of his family. It will definitely exonerate them from their past crimes.

Senator Bongbong Marcos was quite open with his intention to run for President in 2016. He could very well project himself as THE SON OF A HERO as veteran journalist Ms. Raissa Robles put it in her blog.
That will also lift the burden to Mrs. Marcos for hiding her extravagance – of our money and will be entitled even with a pension as an elected government official as if she direly needed it. Noting that she is the second richest congressperson behind, of course, Manny Pacquiao.

A hero’s burial for the former dictator is a mockery to the intelligence of the Filipino electorate.

I can still give more reasons why Marcos should not be buried at the Libingan ng mga Bayani. But it will be a waste of my time if the one reading this post is not smart enough to understand it. Just remember what Edmund Burke once said,

“Those who ignore history are bound to repeat it.”

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[In the news] Reserve officers offer military burial honors for FM – philstar.com

Reserve officers offer military burial honors for FM
By Perseus Echeminada (The Philippine Star)

MANILA, Philippines – The Reserve Officers Legion of the Philippines (ROLP) offered yesterday to provide full military honors at the Libingan ng Mga Bayani in Taguig City or anywhere the Marcos family decides to bury former President Ferdinand Marcos.

Retired Army Col. Octavio Alvarez, ROLP spokesman, told The STAR that the board of directors of their group had approved a resolution offering their military service to the Marcos family.

He claimed that ROLP is the oldest military-civic organization that was organized in 1938. The group is composed of active, reserve and retired officers from the Army, Navy and Air Force.

Alvarez, a former commander of the defunct AFP Metropolitan Command during martial law, said that they have formally sent a letter to former first lady Imelda Marcos, Sen. Ferdinand Marcos Jr. and Ilocos Norte Gov. Imee Marcos of their desire to accord the former head of state appropriate military honors.

In their letter the group said that “with due courtesy and without an iota of intention to offend any political belief and for the sake of peace, unity and justice, our ROLP…is volunteering to bring to his final resting place the late Col. Ferdinand Marcos with full military honors anywhere of choice by the Marcos family.

“Nobody could take away the right of our brother soldier and veteran (Marcos) to be buried at the Libingan ng Mga Bayani, if the Marcos family agrees we will provide the military honors and nobody can prevent us from giving military honors to a fallen brother,” he said.

He said every soldier has the right to be buried at the Libingan ng Bayani because it was intended as burial grounds of soldiers.

Lawyer Oliver Lozano claimed that a nationwide clamor for a state funeral for Marcos is building up among military reservists and war veterans.

Read full article @ www.philstar.com

[In the news] Aquino yet to decide on Marcos burial | Sun.Star

Aquino yet to decide on Marcos burial | Sun.Star.

MANILA –- The decision of President Benigno Aquino III on the burial of his father’s political rival – late strongman Ferdinand Marcos – remained indefinite.

“At the moment I think it’s still under consideration, it is still being studied,” Executive Secretary Paquito Ochoa Jr. told reporters Sunday after the traditional vin d’ honneur in Malacañang alongside the 113th Independence Day celebration.

Ochoa refused to give further details regarding the President’s point of view on the matter avoiding making statements that might differ with Aquino.

“It is hard to comment with certainty because it is still subject to discussion. I’m sorry I cannot give you a definite answer yet,” he said.

He added no deadline will be set and only the President could make the proper announcement about it.

Aquino is expected to announce his decision on the burial last week but no announcement was made.

The President’s spokesperson said he has still have to go over the recommendation of Vice President Jejormar Binay.

Binay, whom Aquino designated to decide on the burial, has recommended full military honors for Marcos.

His remains however is recommended to be buried in his hometown in Ilocos Norte and not at the Libingan ng mga Bayani, which several lawmakers including the late strongman’s only son and namesake Ferdinand “Bongbong” Marcos have been pushing.

Binay said his decision was based from consultation with various sectors in the society.

The Marcos family earlier said they are supporting the recommendation of Binay as they want to issue to be finally resolved.

Proposal for the former president’s burial at the heroes cemetery was revived after the late Defense Secretary and Armed Forces Chief of Staff Angelo Reyes was buried there after committing suicide in February amid corruption allegations.

Aquino inhibited himself from deciding on Marcos’s burial to avoid bias since his father Ninoy Aquino was a known political rival of the late dictator.

Marcos’s remains still lies in a refrigerated coffin in the family’s ancestral home in Batac City. It has kept there since 1993. (Jill Beltran/Sunnex)

[In the news] Binay formula: Marcos burial with full military honors in Ilocos

Binay formula: Marcos burial with full military honors in Ilocos.

By Jerry E. Esplanada, TJ Burgonio
Philippine Daily Inquirer

Vice President Jejomar Binay has recommended to President Benigno Aquino III the burial of the late strongman Ferdinand Marcos’ remains in his native Ilocos Norte, with full military honors, the Philippine Daily Inquirer has learned.

A Palace source, who asked not to be named, confirmed that Binay had made such a recommendation.

Edwin Lacierda, the President’s spokesperson, said Malacañang would issue a statement today. “We’re still studying the recommendation,” he told the Inquirer on the phone late yesterday afternoon.

Asked to comment, Senator Ferdinand Marcos Jr. appeared warm to the idea.

“It would seem to be a reasonable compromise … a good compromise,” said Marcos, who acknowledged that it was among the options raised and did not express surprise at Binay’s recommendation.

Marcos said that while his family had pushed for his father’s burial at the Libingan ng mga Bayani all these years, it was agreeable to a compromise.

“We don’t want to create problems. We would just like to bury our father in a way that he deserved,” the senator said in an interview.

After Reyes’ suicide

The Marcos family reiterated its appeal to have the late strongman interred at the heroes’ cemetery among former leaders and soldiers after the late Defense Secretary and Armed Forces Chief Angelo Reyes was buried there in February.

Reyes killed himself amid the controversy over purported corruption in the military.

Citing personal bias—being the only son of the late former President Corazon Aquino and the martyred former Senator Benigno Aquino Jr., two of the strongman’s biggest political enemies—Mr. Aquino declined to make a decision and assigned Binay to the task.

Shortly after Binay was given the assignment, Senator Marcos and his sister, Ilocos Norte Governor Imee Marcos, met with the Vice President to present their thoughts on the matter.

Marcos had earlier said that the burial of his father, who ruled with an iron hand for close to 20 years, should be seen as an opportunity for the “unification” of the country.

Yesterday, he said that the family had not changed its position that it was his father’s right to be buried in the Libingan “as a former President, as a former soldier, as a bemedalled soldier.”

Weekend meeting

The family, which also includes his mother, former first lady and now Ilocos Norte Representative Imelda Marcos, and his younger sister, Irene Marcos-Araneta, will likely meet this weekend to discuss Binay’s recommendation, Marcos said.

The senator said they would just “wait for the President” to decide, and take it from there.

“Let’s see where it takes us,” he said, adding that there was no “cut and dried” procedure on the matter.

“I don’t know how much room there is to negotiate. As a matter of fact we only learned about this from you,” he told the Inquirer.

And what if the President agrees to Binay’s recommendation?

Said Marcos: “Then we will carry on and plan.” But he pointed out that it was premature to say how the family would deal with Mr. Aquino’s response.

The strongman was overthrown during the Edsa People Power Revolt in February 1986.

He died in Hawaii on Sept. 28, 1989, and his remains were flown back to the Philippines during the administration of President Fidel Ramos, a distant relative.

His remains rest aboveground in a refrigerated crypt in Batac City, Ilocos Norte.

‘Very balanced’ stand

Early this week, Binay said he was hopeful that the President would announce “within the week” the government’s stand on the strongman’s burial.

He described it as “very balanced,” with “all sides considered.”

“Every opinion from every person who responded to the survey [conducted by the Office of the Vice President] was given consideration,” he said.

In April, the Office of the Vice President (OVP) sent out letters seeking the opinion of various groups and decision-makers on the issue. It also launched a text and e-mail survey to encourage public participation in the matter.

The OVP said it wanted to consult “as many people as possible” before Binay gave the President his recommendation on the best course of action.

Last month, Binay said lawmakers had not sent their official responses to the survey conducted by the OVP, “although some have already expressed their opinion through the media.”

“None of the 130 parties accredited by the Commission on Elections has so far replied to the OVP’s letter seeking their official stand on the issue,” he said.

But his office said it would still wait for “the official stand of the political parties.”

Binay had said he would submit his recommendation to Mr. Aquino in the first week of June.

The Vice President, also the housing czar, was to leave last night on an official trip to the United States that includes taking an international housing finance program at the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School; attending the Philippine Independence Day parade in New York City, the flag-raising program at the Philippine Embassy in Washington; the Rizal Day celebration in Monterey, California; and holding dialogues with leaders and members of Filipino communities.

‘Revisionism at its worst’

Sorsogon Representative Salvador Escudero has filed a resolution urging Malacañang to allow the burial of the strongman’s remains at the Libingan ng mga Bayani. As many as 216 congressmen have signed it.

Part of House Resolution No. 1135 states: “As the longest serving president of the republic, Ferdinand Marcos built the modern foundations of the Philippines.

“He remained a Filipino patriot to the end of his life and in death deserves to be honored as such.”

But the Makati Business Club (MBC) described the resolution as “historical revisionism at its deceitful worst in an attempt to recast the image of a disgraced leader.”

In a statement, the MBC said it was opposing the proposed burial of the strongman at the Libingan:

“In the end, titles and medals—especially those of dubious provenance—do not a hero make. No hero would deliberately bring suffering upon his people and ruin to his country.

“[T]he MBC believes that by virtue of his profoundly tainted record as the leader of our country, Mr. Marcos forfeited whatever rights he had to being buried at the Libingan ng mga Bayani.

“The claim that he built the modern foundations of the Philippines is a gross distortion of the late dictator’s true legacy of autocracy, ruined democratic institutions, violent political repression, unprecedented wholesale corruption, shameless nepotism, crony capitalism, a crushing debt burden, and widespread social inequity and marginalization.”  With a report from Norman Bordadora

[In the news] Militant lawmakers file reso vs hero’s burial for Marcos – Nation – GMA News Online – Latest Philippine News

Militant lawmakers file reso vs hero’s burial for Marcos – Nation – GMA News Online – Latest Philippine News.


Seven progressive lawmakers had filed a resolution “strongly opposing” plans to bury the late President Ferdinand Marcos at the Libingan ng mga Bayani.

In House Resolution 1297 that was filed Monday, the lawmakers said Marcos “does not deserve a hero’s burial” after he committed “gross crimes against humanity, plunged the nation deeper into debt and foreign control and plundered the nation’s resources” during his 20-year term.

“Filing this resolution is a matter of principle and to prevent a mockery and distortion of history. All efforts to erase the dark legacy of the Marcos dictatorship should be blocked in Congress and other fora,” Bayan Muna party-list Rep. Teodoro Casiño, one of the lawmakers who filed the resolution, said in a text message Tuesday.

The other House members who filed the bill were Bayan Muna party-list Rep. Neri Colmenares, Kabataan party-list Rep. Raymond Palatino, Anakpawis party-list Rep. Rafael Mariano, ACT Teachers party-list Rep. Antonio Tinio and Gabriela Women’s party-list Reps. Luzviminda Ilagan and Emmi de Jesus.

Marcos’ widower, Imelda Marcos, is currently a member of the House of Representatives as Ilocos Norte representative. His son, Ferdinand Jr., is a senator.

HR 1297 is a response to a resolution earlier filed by Sorsogon Rep. Salvador Escudero III and signed by about 200 lawmakers allowing Marcos’ burial at the Libingan ng mga Bayani. Escudero, father of Sen. Francis Escudero, served as agriculture minister during the Marcos regime.

The militant lawmakers said Congress will become a “laughing stock” if it adopts the resolution giving a hero’s burial to Marcos.

“A congressional resolution urging President [Benigno] Aquino [III] to give Marcos a hero’s burial would send the absurd message that the Filipino people overthrew a hero during People Power I, and that the international community’s sympathy for that uprising is wrong,” they said in the resolution.

Marcos was ousted from the presidency by a mass uprising known as the EDSA People Power Revolution in 1986. He was replaced by Corazon Aquino, President Aquino’s mother

The lawmakers urged President Aquino to “put an end to the issue” and to immediately provide compensation for alleged human rights violations under Marcos. President Aquino has already asked Vice President Jejomar Binay to decide on the burial issue of the former strongman, citing “personal bias” on the issue.

Former Senator Benigno “Ninoy” Aquino Jr., the president’s father, was assassinated in 1983 as he arrived in Manila, a crime widely blamed on the Marcos regime. — KBK, GMA News

[Announcement] AFAD is looking for Documentation & Research Officer

Asian Federation Against Involuntary Disappearances (AFAD)

Job Description: Documentation and Research Officer

The overall goal of the Documentation and Research/RC Officer is to conduct research on enforced/involuntary disappearances (ED) based on the needs of the AFAD and to ensure quality of research initiatives of the federation in the region, collate information and new learning from project implementation for purposes of case documentation for campaign and advocacy. Work also involves responsibility for the management of AFAD Resource Center collection and for the provision of library and database services to advocates and member organizations. Duties include policy recommendation, planning, direction, administration and promotion of library activities and its general usage.


I. Documentation and Research:

  • Research on enforced/involuntary disappearances:
  1. Collect information from the ground on various human rights violations at the country (where AFAD members are based) and regional level.
  2. Field queries and other information requests from Federation members and other groups working in the field of human rights and ED.
  • Management of research materials:
  1. Compile and manage the information in a systematic manner for easy retrieval or references.
  • Analysis and interpretation of data collected.
  • Data entry into the AFAD database:
  1. Conduct weekly data entry of information on cases of ED based on various categories and classifications.
  • Quality Control of Information:
  1. Ensure that each case is being properly validated and the data entry is accurate..
  • Case Summaries:
  1. Write a summary of each case to be communicated to the public and write articles on the cases. (Case profiles)
  • Ensure project activities compliance with the policies and regulations of the donor organization (ARMS project)
  • Submit project reports (ARMS project).
  • Maintain AFAD online accounts (Facebook, Twitter, Blogs) as well coordinate in updating the website as necessary.

II. Publications:

  • Provide layout services. (AFAD publications and reports).
  • Provide supplementary proofreading particularly in relation to the AFAD newsletter, The Voice.
  • Assist the Secretary General with procurement and monitoring of articles submitted for AFAD publications.
  • Liaising with AFAD Member Organizations for translations and information dissemination.
  • Deal with correspondence relating to publication inquiries.
  • Implement the dissemination plan, coordinating with the AO in relation with the distribution of publication and keeping mailing lists up to date.

III.  Resource Center Maintenance:

  • Evaluate and administer library programs such as circulation, reference, reader’s advisory services, member-organization services, and public information.
  • Direct the development and maintenance of AFAD Resource Center collection of books, periodicals, records, films, tapes and a variety of other library materials.
  • Provide basic reference services and reader’s services, reader’s advisory services on a regular schedule; prepares bibliographies on special subjects for library patrons. Help users conduct literature searches using networked databases, printed resources, CD-ROM or the internet.
  • Ensure the physical maintenance of the AFAD Resource Center.

IV.  Perform other tasks as delegated by the Secretary-General

Status: 12 months contract – Project Based
Salary: PHP 25,000/month with basic benefits

Please send application letter and resume with recommendation letters from at least, two previous employers or present employer to afad@surfshop.net.ph cc to leenmay63@yahoo.com.

Deadline of Submission of Application:  May 19, 2011

Schedule of Written Exam:  May 20, 2011, 1:00 p.m. – 6:00 p.m.

Contact Persons:
Mary Aileen D. Bacalso and/or Emilia Aquino
Mobile: 09177924058
Landline: 4546759

[In the news] MABINI ‘committee’ opposes Libingan burial for Marcos – Interaksyon.com

MABINI ‘committee’ opposes Libingan burial for Marcos – Interaksyon.com.

MABINI Lawyers

(The following statement by the MABINI lawyers group on Marcos and the Libingan ng mga Bayani was drafted by Fulgencio Factoran Jr., Mon Esguerra, Hessie Mallilin, Alex Padilla, Nelson Loyola and Rene Saguisag, members of a self-appointed “committee” on the subject. Any dissenting member may express his or her reprobation or forever hold his or her peace; it’s been a week.)

MABINI  joins those who oppose the transfer of the remains of Mr. Marcos to the Libingan ng mga Bayani because –

1. He imposed a brutal dictatorship, outrageously illegally enriched his family and cronies, and directly or indirectly caused massive human rights violations.

1.1. This view is validated by word of mouth. From 1972 on, we have met and assisted many human rights victims, our reason for being, and continue to do so today in terms of recognition and compensation.

1.2. This stand is also confirmed by judicial decisions in Seattle (Domingo-Viernes), in Honolulu (human rights class suit and initial payment to thousands of victims began last Feb. 28), and locally in the Aberca v. Ver suit. FLAG-MABINI filed it in the Court of First Instance of Quezon City (now Regional Trial Court)1982. It is now pending in the Supreme Court.

1.3. Our highest court ruled, in another case, on July 15, 2003, that the Marcoses stole big-time as William Saunders (FM) and Jane Ryan (IM), forfeiting in favor of the government hundreds of millions of dollars (406 SCRA 190) turned over by the Swiss government, which stipulated that part of it should go to the human rights victims (yet to happen; the little the victims have gotten has been through private sector initiative).

2. The Filipino people expelled the Marcoses on February 25, 1986, peacefully and bloodlessly. The world applauded, and many oppressed societies imitated and followed our paradigm. The world remembered in 2009, and sympathized with the nation when the iconic Cory Aquino passed away, and the people elected her son President in May, 2010.

3. MABINI resisted martial law from Day One. We did not fight a hero, who left a nation bankrupt in money and values.

Read full article @ InterAksyon.com

[In the news] Ochoa take on Marcos burial sought – INQUIRER.net, Philippine News for Filipinos

Ochoa take on Marcos burial sought – INQUIRER.net, Philippine News for Filipinos.

By Jaymee T. Gamil
Philippine Daily Inquirer

Paquito-Ochoa people.info.ph

E.S. Paquito Ochoa people.info.ph

MANILA, Philippines—A Manila trial court has ordered Executive Secretary Paquito Ochoa Jr. to respond to a petition seeking a ruling on the constitutionality of burying the late dictator Ferdinand Marcos at the Libingan ng mga Bayani.

On April 18, lawyer Samson Alcantara filed a petition in Manila Regional Trial Court Branch 1 asking Judge Tita Bughao Alisuag to resolve various constitutional issues posed by the burial controversy.

Sen. Ferdinand Marcos Jr., the late dictator’s son, is seeking the transfer of his father’s remains to the Libingan.

President Benigno Aquino III, whose late father was assassinated by military men during the Marcos years, has referred the matter to Vice President Jejomar Binay for study.

Named as a respondent in the petition was Ochoa as “the alter ego” of the President.

Read full article @ inquirer.net

[In the news] Proposed Marcos burial promoted disunity – INQUIRER.net, Philippine News for Filipinos

Proposed Marcos burial promoted disunity – INQUIRER.net, Philippine News for Filipinos.

THE KAPISANAN ng mga Gurong Retirado (Kaguro), an association of retired school officials, teachers and other education workers based in Metro Manila, views with concern and apprehension the furor caused by a proposal to bury the late strongman of Asia at the Libingan ng mga Bayani.

Kaguro believes that the proposal only succeeded in promoting divisiveness among the Filipino people as it moved the supporters and opponents of the idea to declare former President Ferdinand E. Marcos “a hero.”

Read full article @ INQUIRER.net

[Petition] Marcos is NO HERO – PAHRA

28 April 2011

Dear Friends,

In the past weeks, the proposed House Resolution 1135 declaring former President Ferdinand Marcos as worthy of a heroic burial at the Libingan ng mga Bayani (Cemetery for Heroes) resulted in strong public sentiments against the recognition of the Marcos as a hero rather than the dictator and the leading human rights violator during his regime.

The dark era of the Marcos dictatorship ended in a revolution that marked the Philippines as the first country in Asia to regain democracy in a peaceful manner. The memory of the historical people’s struggle to break free from the tyrannical rule is now being sullied by the proposed house resolution.

Marcos’ launch and grasp over power were backed with impunitive measures that caused thousands of human rights violations to individuals and communities that until this day remains grossly unaccounted for.

Years of democratic freedom enjoyed today can never diminish the memory of the inhumanity that prevailed during the Marcos dictatorship. There can never be reconciliation with the atrocities committed during former President Marcos unless there is a recognition that human rights violations occurred, perpetrators are prosecuted for their corresponding liabilities and reparations were made to the Marcos victims.

It is in this light that PAHRA is appealing to you to join us in condemning the attempt to honor former dictator Ferdinand Marcos as a hero and prevent the passage of House Resolution 1135. We have prepared a statement in which you and your organizations can affix your signature. Attached is a copy of the suggested letter including the names of congressional representatives to whom we can send our appeal.

The proposed House Resolution 1135 is authored by Congressman Salvador Escudero and is alarmingly being supported by 190 congressional representatives.

For inquiries and comments, please contact us at (02) 436-2633 or (0927) 4012416.

Thank you and we hope you can join us in this campaign to help the nation remember that Marcos is a human rights violator and NOT a hero.


Max M. de Mesa

[Blogger] The Marcos question: What makes a hero? – Dekonztruktschon

by Rod Rivera

April 11, Malacanang, was in qualms to agree in giving the former Philippine President Ferdinand E. Marcos a space in the heroes hall. The reason is that he was awarded a medal of valor for his honorable military service, by President Diosdado Macapagal. Likewise, PNoy ordered Vice President Jejomar Binay to come up with a recommendation whether to allow the former president burial at the Libingan ng mga bayani.

April 20, just a week after, the lower house is pushing House Resolution 204, backed up by 190 strong liberal party members to favor the burial of the late president whose waxed body is in a mausoleum in his ancestral house. Representative Salvador Escudero of the 3rd district of Sorsogon justifies the move that despite Marcos was ousted he has served the country well.

Columnist Godofredo Roperos writes up on the Marcos question as a gleam of national political reconciliation that requires political wisdom and understanding of our political memory and history. On the other hand, political groups do not find any value and denounce giving the ‘dictator’ a heroes burial, as they remember the historical pain and agony of those who fought for democracy under the Marcos’ martial rule.

The question on Marcos’s burial in the Libingan ng mga Bayani brings more questions to challenge the political memory, values and social moral and nationalist spirit of the Filipino people. All these are symbolic acts. From Saussure’s semiotic traditions, what those questions bring attacks our views about our identity as people.

Every culture has heroes, and these heroes are representations of the identity and the ideals of one’s culture. The values that we share, our precepts that guide our norms and social behavior become embodied in the traits and characteristics of our heroes. As Geert Hofsteede informs, our culture is manifested in our symbols, heroes, rituals and values, and at the deeper structures of our culture is our identity as a nation as group of people sharing common national interest.

A hero to represent the Filipino nation or its culture cannot be legislated and it never has been. The academics with their rich understanding of our history, culture and nation, play an important role in appraising, appreciating and recognizing what counts heroic and who should be entitled to the abstract social symbol of a ‘hero’. Laws may grant honor to a hero, or honor to anyone, but laws should not turn anybody to a hero for a hero is a people’s expression.

However, the National Heroes committee, as formed by former President Fidel V. Ramos, arrived at some criteria for confirming a national heroes title. The committee declares that “1) heroes have concept of nation and they aspire and struggle for the nation’s freedom; 2) they have define and contribute to a system or life of freedom and order for a nation; and 3) they contribute to the quality of life and destiny of nation (Corpuz, 1993, in NHC document pp. 2-3).

The National Heroes committee extends this criteria with three other measures, stating that a hero: “1) is a part of the people’s expression; 2) thinks of the future and defines the future of generations; and 3) the choice of hero involves not only the recounting of an episode or events in history, but of the entire process that made the particular person a hero” (Lagmay, 1995, in NHC document p. 3).

True, Marcos was awarded a medal of valor, but that was just an episode in his life and outside the decades long struggle of the Filipino people against suppression of their basic rights and freedom. True, he built grand infrastructures that are visible and usable till now, but that is his duty as the country’s leader. True, he placed the country in the economic map of Asia, but it is also true that his family accumulated ill-gotten wealth from the nation’s coffers.

Laying his remains in the Libingan ng mga Bayani is a symbolic act to entitle Marcos a hero, whereas he falls shorts of the criteria to be entitled with such. Apparently, for a common kababayan of Marcos who voted for him several times even though she’s aware of how the dictator manipulated the country and suppressed the people’s freedom, my mother, a genuine Ilocana, would like Marcos’ remains to be kept where is now that is where he was from.

It is incredulous to think that burial of the former president in the Libingan ng mga Bayani would bring national political reconciliation. What is to be reconciled anyway between the Marcoses and the forgiving Filipino people. Is it not enough to be considered a symbolic act of reconciliation to allow them back and elect them in public offices?  Whatever issue between the Aquinos and the Marcoses there is, it is not a national interest. That is out of the Marcos question as a dictator to deserve hero’s burial in the graveyard of martyrs.

Read more of Rod Rivera’s writings visit Dekonztruktschon.

[Blogger] Voltes V generations, UNITE! Marcos is not a hero!



ni Gregorio V. Bituin Jr.

Mayorya ng Kongreso, pati na si P-Noy, nais kilalaning bayani si dating Pangulong Marcos. Hindi tayo dapat pumayag. Maraming nakulong, namatay, naulila, sa panahon ng kanyang diktadura. Nagalit ang taumbayan na nagresulta ng people power 1 at pinatalsik si Marcos. Insulto ito sa henerasyon namin – mga kabataang namulat sa pulitika nang tinanggal ni Marcos ang Voltes V na kinagiliwan namin noon, isang kwento ng kabayanihan, isang kwento ng kolektibong pagtutulungan ng magkakasama para gapiin ang kaaway, isang kwentong tinanggal ni Marcos dahil daw tinuturuan ang mga kabataang magrebelde laban sa kanyang diktadura.

Gayunman, simula lang ang Voltes V sa pagkamulat namin. Sa pagdaan ng panahon, nakita naming higit pa kay Voltes V ang naranasan ng masang Pilipino sa ilalim ng diktadura. Maraming kabataan ang nagbuwis ng buhay, maraming dinukot at pinaslang, ang iba’y di na makita ang kanilang katawan. At ngayon, binubuhay muli ang isang multong dapat nang ibaon sa limot. Bayani nga ba si Marcos? Bayani nga ba ang nagtanggal kay Voltes V? Bayani nga ba ang diktador na nagbaba ng martial law at nanupil sa sarili niyang mamamayan? Bayani nga ba ang isang pangulo kung ang iniwan nitong bakas ng pamumuno ay duguan, maraming napaslang, at maraming desaparecidos na hindi pa nakikita hanggang ngayon? Hindi ba’t maraming pinaslang na aktibista sa panahon niya? Hindi ba’t maraming dyornalista ang pinatay sa ilalim ng kanyang diktadura?

Hindi ba’t mas dapat ilibing sa Libingan ng mga Bayani ang mga martir ng martial law, ang mga nagtanggol sa bayan laban sa diktadura, ang mga pinaslang na aktibistang ang tanging kasalanan ay nangarap ng magandang lipunang hindi sumusupil ng karapatan?

Nais ng mga kongresistang baguhin ang kasaysayan. Yaong nararapat na mailibing sa Libingan ng mga Bayani, tulad ng mga aktibistang nagsakripisyo para ipagtanggol ang karapatang pantao, ay hindi doon inililibing. At ang nais pang ilibing doon ay yaong diktador na dahilan ng kamatayan ng marami.

Mga kasama, niyuyurakan nila ang dangal at pagkatao natin. Hindi tayo dapat pumayag. Hindi bayani ang diktador na si Marcos!





ni Gregorio V. Bituin Jr.

Isang aktibista ako ngayon. Aktibistang manunulat. Aktibistang makata. Nagsusulat sa mga publikasyon ng manggagawa’t maralita. Ngunit paano ba ako namulat bilang aktibista? Dahil ba ako’y nayaya, o dahil may mga pangyayari sa buhay ko na nagmulat sa akin?

Isa sa mga nagmulat sa akin nuong aking kabataan upang maging aktibista sa kasalukuyan ay ang ginawang pagtanggal ng palabas na cartoons na Mazinger Z at Voltes V sa telebisyon. Ang dalawang ito ang pinakapopular na palabas para sa mga kabataan nuong aking kapanahunan. Panahon iyon ni Marcos. At isa ako sa mga nagalit sa pagtanggal niya ng mga palabas na iyon.

Tuwang tuwa kaming mga bata sa kalyeng iyon sa Balic-Balic sa lugar ng Sampaloc sa Maynila, at nagkakakwentuhan lagi kung paano ba dinurog nina Mazinger Z at Voltes V ang kani-kanilang kalaban. Uso pa nga noon ang text (di yung text ngayon sa cellphone) na pulos cards na nakadrowing sina Voltes V at Mazinger Z.

Basta’t tuwing Miyerkules ng hapon, inaabangan na namin ang Mazinger Z, habang tuwing Biyernes naman ang Voltes V. Kahit ang awitin ng Voltes V ay kabisado namin noon, bagamat di naman patok ang theme song ng Mazinger Z. Parehong robot na bakal ang bidang sina Mazinger Z at Voltes V. Ang layunin nila’y depensahan ang sangkatauhan laban sa mga pwersa ng mga masasamang nilalang.

Ang nagpapagalaw sa Mazinger Z ay si Koji Kabuto. Ang Voltes V naman naman na pinamumunuan ni Steve Armstrong, ay pinagdugtong-dugtong na sasakyang panghimpapawid ng limang katao, na pag nag-volt-in ay magiging malaking robot, si Voltes V. Ang lima ay sina Steve Armstrong, Big Bert, Little John, Mark at ang nag-iisang babae ay si Jamie.

Ang panlaban ni Mazinger Z ay ang mata nitong pantunaw ng kalaban (o laser beam), at ang rocket punch nito, na natatanggal ang kamay bilang rocket, at ang dibdib nito’y ginagawang laser sa kalaban (melting rays). Kasama ni Mazinger Z si Aphrodite A sa ilang yugto ng palabas.

Ang panlaban naman ni Voltes V ay Bazooka, mga shuriken, at ang pantapos niya ng kalaban ay ang laser sword, na hinihiwa ang katawan ng mga kalabang robot o halimaw sa pormang V. Ang pangunahin nilang kalaban ay si Prince Zardos.

Ilang linggo na ang nakalilipas nang biglang ito’y mawala sa ere at di na namin napanood. Ang sabi sa balita, tinanggal daw ito ni Marcos na ang idinadahilan ay tinuturuan daw ang mga tao, lalo na ang mga kabataan, upang magrebelde. Bata pa ako noon, at nagtataka ako kung bakit ganito ang dahilan nila. Gayong para sa amin, magaganda silang panoorin. Syempre, cartoons eh. At tagapangtanggol pa ng mga inaapi.

May galit na namuo sa akin nung panahong iyon. Tinanggal ang kinagigiliwan naming cartoons. Mula noon, galit na ako sa namumunong nagtanggal ng palabas na iyon – kay Marcos. Di lang ako, kundi marami pang kabataan ang may ganitong pakiramdam, nagalit sa pamahalaan, at naging aktibista. Marami kaming kabataan ang namulat sa kalagayan ng bayan dahil sa pagkakatanggal ng mga palabas na iyon. Isa nga ako doon.

Bahagi na ng aking kabataan at pagkamulat bilang tibak sina Mazinger Z at Voltes V. Huli nang ipinalabas sina Daimos (at ang pag-ibig niya kay Erica), Mekanda Robot, Voltron, atbp.

Anim o pitong taon makalipas, nakasama ako ng aking ama, kasama ang kanyang grupong Holy Name Society, sa pamimigay ng pagkain sa mga taong nagtipon sa Edsa. Ilang araw lamang, lumayas na si Marcos sa Pilipinas.

Ilang taon na rin akong kumikilos bilang aktibista. Halos magdadalawang dekada na. At natutuwa akong gunitain na hindi pa dahil sa martial law, kundi dahil tinanggal ni Marcos ang mga paborito naming cartoons, kaya namulat ako sa kalagayan ng bansa.

[Statement] House Resolution No. 1135 – a shameless attempt to twist history – www.tfdp.net


House Resolution No. 1135 that seeks the burial of the late Ferdinand Marcos at the Libingan ng mga Bayani is a shameless attempt to rehabilitate the image of a dictator and notorious human rights violator. It is also a move to re-write history in favor of Mr. Marcos.

The thousands of human rights victims are proof of the gross violations of human rights during the time of Mr. Marcos. The assassination of Ninoy Aquino is ample evidence of the bloody reign of the dictatorship. Mr. Marcos when he was alive denied any wrongdoing and his family continues to strut around peddling this blatant lie. Cronyism, corruption and human rights violations were the order of the day during that time of darkness.

We bury our dead at the Libingan ng mga Bayani to honor their heroism and bravery. We extol their selflessness and sacrifice for the motherland.

What outstanding feat did Marcos do to deserve a burial among our heroes? A string of fake medals? A long list of human rights violations? An unbridled and rapacious corruption?

It is the 25th year of the EDSA Uprising and we should remember and honor, not those who brought suffering to our people, but those who stood up and fought against tyranny and repression, those who were victimized by the dictatorship, those who were summarily executed, those who were tortured, those who disappeared. They whose rights were trampled upon and violated. It is they that we must remember and honor as our heroes and martyrs. It is to them that we owe our freedom and democracy.

Genuine reconciliation says our esteemed legislators. JUSTICE, we cry out! Let the Marcoses admit their wrongdoing, let them make reparations to the victims; let them account for the “salvaged” and disappeared. Only then can we speak of reconciliation.

We ask PNoy to rally his party mates and allies to reject this resolution. It is a resolution that mocks and insults the bravery and sacrifice of our true heroes and martyrs such as Ninoy Aquino, Dr. Remberto dela Paz, Johnny Escandor, Edgar M. Jopson and Macliing Dulag.

We ask our legislators to rethink their position and withdraw support for this resolution. There is still time to do a heroic act for our people and reject this resolution.
Are we again to be crucified so that Mr. Marcos, long dead, can erase the stigma of dictatorship and corruption? Are we again to be crucified so that Mr. Marcos can regain his honor?

In this time of Lent, may we all be guided by prayers and sacrifice. Let us be reminded by these words: “Father forgive them for they know not what they do.”

Source: www.tfdp.net

[In the news] The philandering greedy Marcos a bayani? – INQUIRER.net, Philippine News for Filipinos

The philandering greedy Marcos a bayani? – INQUIRER.net, Philippine News for Filipinos.

By Ted Laguatan, Esq.
INQUIRER.net First Posted  04/08/2011 Filed Under: Government, Politics, Graft & Corruption, Human Rights

The Marcos family and their supporters (ex-cronies, mercenaries, etc.) are moving heaven and earth to have Marcos interred at the Libingan ng mga Bayani. With tons of money, influential loyalists, mercenary journalists and other resources at their disposal—they may well succeed. They hope to end the stigma against the Marcoses if they do. They recently got some military officials to install Marcos in the AFP Hall of Heroes

Libingan ng mga Bayani literally means “Cemetery for Heroes”. Essentially, in theory, it is reserved for those whom the nation honors for their service to the country.

In Congress, Marcos crony Congressman Salvador Escudero, leads this campaign. The father of Senator Chiz Escudero has already gotten 204 members of Congress to sign the petition to have Marcos interred as a hero.

Money talks—especially in the Philippine socio-political cultural setting. This distortion of getting a brutal greedy dictator buried as a hero will happen unless the people speak out and shout: “No way.”

Ferdinand Marcos became a dictator based on a lie. He claimed the communists tried to assassinate his then Defense Secretary Ponce Enrile—and as such declared martial law. Enrile later confessed after Marcos fell, that this assassination story was concocted. The dictator killed, imprisoned and tortured political enemies. He engaged in all kinds of graft and corruption as well as stole directly from the Philippine treasury enabling him to amass billions—impoverishing and starving Filipinos.

Marcos brought out the worst in the Filipino. Many cooperated with his evil ways. He could not have thrived for so long without the obvious or tacit assistance of many.

The corrupt practices he institutionalized today continues to plague the Filipino people. Corrupt politicians from the lowest to the highest utilize Marcos’ corruption technology of “steal and hide”. Steal money through government procurements and other sophisticated methods—then hide the booty using cronies as fronts, depositing money overseas, investing in other countries and converting into corporate assets.

Imitated by succeeding government officials, Marcos’ “massive stealing without going to jail” example have resulted in the country being arguably the most corrupt in Asia.

The economy is generally kept afloat by the millions in foreign currency sent by hundreds of thousands of heroic hardworking overseas workers who undergo tremendous sufferings due to family separations, loneliness and culture shock.

As a result of its widespread reputation for corruption, massive poverty and government inefficiency, the country is referred to by its neighbors interchangeably as “the basket case of Asia” or “the sick man of Asia”.

Marcos’ dark legacy should cause Filipinos to shudder in shame if despite the inumerable sufferings he has imposed on our people, his fabulously wealthy family and a small group of influential loyalists and mercenaries are able to impose their will on us and have him buried as a hero.

On July 4, 2004, investigative reporter Frank Walker of the Sun-Herald, an Australian newspaper – revealed in an article that the dictator had an affair with an obscure Australian playboy model named Evelyn Hegyesi, who somehow had become a multimillionaire, lived in a plush Sydney waterfront mansion and owned several investment companies.

Hegyesi’s daughter with Marcos is named after his mother: Analisa Josefa. Documents obtained by Sun-Herald reveal that on October 14, 1970, the 23 year old Hegyesi then three months pregnant with Analisa, formed a company named Austraphil Pty Ltd. In February, 1971, Austraphil bought a five bedroom mansion in Sydney’s most expensive area: Wyuna Road, Point Piper, paying mostly in cash and a small loan.

Real estate papers showed that Austraphil took a loan of $250,000 ($2.5 million in today’s money) from Finanz AG of Zurich. Finanz was a subsidiary of the Swiss SKA Bank, now called Credit Suisse. This is the main bank used by Marcos to stash his swag.

Hegyesi paid off the loan in 1976 transferring the property in her own name and sold the mansion for 6.2 million dollars in 1999. She has lived quietly in Sydney’s ritziest area for almost forty years.

Sun-Herald’s investigation of the Marcos-Hegyesi affair led to other revelations. It turned out that Marcos had many secret accounts at SKA including so called “foundations” dubbed Azio, Charis, Avertina, Vibor and Valamo aside from others. Swiss court investigations reveal that the Marcos millions came from illegal sources.

Among other irregularities, court papers indicated that Marcos siphoned directly from Japanese reparation funds $23 million (worth 275 million dollars in today’s money) and placed it in his Charis foundation. These funds belonged to the Filipino people and was vital at that time to the country’s economic development.

Of note is that on November 12, 1971 – Marcos signed a document making Austraphil the sole beneficiary of his Anzio Foundation. Analisa was then 3 months old.

This greedy philandering cruel man was nice to his many mistresses but not to the Filipino people to whom he left a legacy of much misery, suffering and bad governance. Now his family and a small group of powerful robber barons want to pull wool over the people’s eyes and make him out to be a hero.

Mercenary Filipino journalists play a major role in good versus evil conflicts in Philippine society – attacking or defending an issue – depending on “envelopemental concerns”.

Thus, some argue that Marcos may have been brutal, corrupt and greedy – but nevertheless was a World War II hero and as such should still be buried at the cemetery for heroes. Others argue that PNoy should be large hearted enough and be a statesman and show forgiveness and compassion to a war hero. He would be a fool and not a statesman if he did.

They further cite the recent example of General Angelo Reyes. Reyes served in many government positions including as Chief of Staff and Defense Secretary. When it was revealed in a Congressional investigation that he accepted payola, in shame he committed suicide. President PNoy nevertheless allowed his burial at Libingan ng mga Bayani based on his past government services.

PNoy played politician here giving the impression of being a kind person sympathetic to the family of Reyes . Moreover, it had yet to be established by corroborative evidence if the witness against Reyes told the truth – even if he appeared credible. The burial was excusable.

Was Marcos the multiple-medaled war hero his propaganda machine claimed he was? This claim was debunked by various researchers including the late Col. Bonnie Gillego who scanned military records in Washington DC and elsewhere. Gillego discovered that Marcos’ claim as the greatest resistance fighter in WW II and war medals were blatantly false.

Gillego’s book: “The Fake Medals of Marcos” not only exposed the deception foisted by the dictator on the Filipino people but also revealed that he was a Japanese collaborator and therefore a traitor. Gillego based his findings on American military records.

The world would be shocked if Marcos is now declared a hero. It’s like former Nazis using their amassed wealth and influence succeeding in getting Adolfo Hitler declared as a hero.

If PNoy gives in to pressure and allow Marcos’ hero burial at Libingan, it will be an official act formally declaring that Filipinos are the biggest fools on earth. It will also be an unofficial act declaring that PNoy has no balls who does not really understand true moral leadership. By so doing, he also desecrates the memory of his genuine hero father who was ordered killed by the Marcoses. Marcos was an absolute dictator and no one would have dared put the hit on Ninoy Aquino without an okay from Malacanang.

Does this mean Marcos should not be forgiven for his transgressions?

The Almighty tells us to forgive and we should. But He never told us that aside from forgiving, we should also honor murderers, torturers and thieves as heroes. This would be a terrible example for future generations of Filipinos.

Note: The California State Bar honors Atty. Laguatan as one of only 29 US lawyers officially certified as Expert Specialist in Immigration Law for more than 20 years. He also handles accident injuries and wrongful death cases. For communication: (San Francisco area) – 455 Hickey Ste. 516, Daly City, Ca 94015 Tel 650 991-1154 Fax 650 991-1186 email laguatanlaw@gmail.com

[Statement] House of Representatives, House for Impunity? – PAHRA


Max De Mesa of PAHRA - file photo

The Philippine Alliance of Human Rights Advocates (PAHRA) calls on our House of Representatives to prevent the passage of a House Resolution endorsing the burial of the late dictator Ferdinand Marcos in the heroes’ cemetery. For this end, we especially ask for our lawmakers who already did sign to withdraw their signatures.

An approval for this House Resolution would turn our House of Representatives into a House for Impunity.

Ferdinand E. Marcos could never be a Filipino hero.  This is tantamount to justifying the numerous atrocious human rights violations perpetrated during his dictatorial regime and his imposition of martial law.  The Task Force Detainees of the Philippines (TFDP) has a Museum of Courage and Resistance that contains the documentation of at least 21,000 cases of human rights violations during the marital law period.  The Museum’s documentation since 1974 belies not only the blatant denial of Marcos that “no one but no one has been tortured”, but upholds the position that the impunity of that period persists beyond EDSA.

The initiative of Representative Salvador Escudero is a resolution for impunity, not for justice to the martial law victims and their families who were tortured, subjected to enforced disappearances and extra-judicial killings.  It is a resolution to make of Marcos a historical model of an internationally known human rights violator for generations to come and to discourage any sincere compliance of the Philippines as State Party to at least 8 Human Rights Treaties.

Ferdinand E. Marcos could never be hero for the rights of people to participate in governance and to development.  His imposed rule instead had undermined our democratic institutions and our country’s development.  The wide-spread impoverishment at the end of martial law could in no way be a basis for developing into another Singapore unless perhaps induced by intensified repression.  Rather, it must be recalled that the corrupt dictatorial regime of Marcos was the one responsible for turning the Philippines into the “sick man” of Asia.

PAHRA calls on all Filipinos who uphold dignity and human rights to persuade our legislators to junk the resolution of Representative Salvador Escudero to bury Ferdinand E. Marcos in the Libingan ng mga Bayani.


Max M. de Mesa,

Max de Mesa (0920) 9080480
Candy Diez (0927) 401-2416

[Petition] Marcos is not a hero! Protest the plan to make him one!


FERDINAND E. MARCOS is not a hero to the Filipino people. His martial law regime sent hundreds of thousands to jail, made people disappeared because of their political beliefs.  He is now being elevated to become a “hero” and plans are afoot by his families and allies to have him interred in Libingan ng mga Bayani (Cemetery of Heroes).

Let our voices be heard: ‘HINDI BAYANI SI MARCOS!  TUTULAN ANG PLANONG ILIPAT SIYA SA LIBINGAN NG MGA BAYANI! (Marcos is not a hero!  Protest the plan to transfer him to the Cemetery of Heroes!)

In Congress, Marcos crony Congressman Salvador Escudero, leads this campaign. The father of Senator Chiz Escudero has already gotten 204 members of Congress to sign the petition to have Marcos interred as a hero.

Money talks—especially in the Philippine socio-political cultural setting. This distortion of getting a brutal greedy dictator buried as a hero will happen unless the people speak out and shout: “No way.”


What you can do:

1. Sign this petition.

2. Forward this petition to others, here and abroad.

3. Post the link in your social networking sites or pages.

4. Write letters to the officials of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP), to members of the Philippine House of Representatives, the Senate and to President NoyNoy Aquino.

5. Our goal is to reach 500,000 signatures and send the petition to the authorities and the Office of the President, the House of Representatives and the Senate.

Aida F. Santos