Tag Archives: Enhanced Community Quarantine

[Statement] WORKERS ARE NOT VIRUS-PROOF! Advocacy groups call for expanded massive testing before economic restart -PAHRA, iDEFEND, #MassTestingNowPH

WORKERS ARE NOT VIRUS-PROOF
Advocacy groups call for expanded massive testing before the economic restart

As the nation commemorates Labor Day amid the COVID-19 pandemic, scientists, artists, youth, human rights, public health, and citizen groups join forces with the labor sector to demand the increase and expansion of mass testing capacities of the country before lifting the enhanced community quarantine protocols and reopening the economy. The government and business groups have been keen to start economic activities the soonest to save the country from further economic meltdown. However, civil society groups have expressed their concern over the risks of this move and the need to address the public’s fear and panic with the possible lifting of the ECQ for the interest of the business.

Molecular biologist Joshua Danac of Scientists Unite Against COVID-19 (SUAC-19) cited the poor execution of mass testing in the country. “There are still massive backlogs in testing centers, and results take very long to be released. The Department of Health has failed to attain its initial stated target of 8,000 tests per day.” Since the government’s declaration on the start of mass testing on April 14, Danac pointed out that there are only 19 accredited testing centers in the whole country as of April 30, with around 50 percent of those centers based in NCR alone.

Danac further said, “The actual testing capacity of our country still lags behind because laboratories and personnel have not been capacitated in the first place. For massive testing not to fail, we must ask the government to be transparent and to act on the following issues: how will capacity be increased to clear the backlogs and shorten turnaround times? How will they increase the number of tests done per day? What about funding — will the government dedicate part of its budget for increasing testing capacity by buying equipment and hiring personnel?”

Meanwhile, human rights-based health service organization Medical Action Group (MAG) pointed out that aside from incapacitated testing centers and personnel, a public health and rights-based approach was not initiated by the government as well. According to MAG Executive Director Edel Hernandez, “The lack of diagnostics and cure for COVID-19 underscores the need for the government to scale up the mass testing using international standards, protecting the health of frontliners, and improving the delivery of healthcare services around the country. Inaction on the part of the government is a disservice to the nation. The COVID-19 pandemic is undoubtedly creating a climate of fear and panic through restrictive, stigmatizing, and punitive measures imposed by the government as infectious disease control.” MAG urged the government to veer away from compulsory restrictions towards a human rights-based approach, centered on evidence-based response and promoting community empowerment and engagement.

The Philippine Alliance of Human Rights Advocates (PAHRA) emphasized the demand for the government to take a human rights-based approach in tackling the COVID-19 situation in the country. According to PAHRA, while mass testing is an important step to address the public health crisis, the government must also address the social impact of the community lockdown. It pointed out that the basic human rights of workers especially their safety and security should be guaranteed by the government, not neglected. PAHRA Secretary General Rose Trajano said, “Testing, continuing assistance, and security of work are the basic human rights that should be effectively addressed by the government. Though certain limitations on fundamental rights and freedoms are unavoidable during public health emergencies, any disproportionate response can definitely lead to significant human rights violations. It amplifies the already underlying barriers that people face in protecting their health and their inability to meet basic survival needs.” Recent news reports and viral social media posts have shown arbitrary arrests and ill treatment by law enforcers to people who have breached quarantine restrictions.

With the government preparing to loosen the lockdown by May 15, the artist-activist collective DAKILA criticized plans of the government to reopen the economy without providing proper safety nets to the labor sector and the poor. Conglomerates and major business owners earlier announced Project ARK, a joint initiative to conduct massive testing on workers using rapid antibody test kits to help them assess who is fit to return to work. Medical experts have warned against the use of antibody test kits as diagnostic tools due to their tendency to display ‘false negative’ results. DAKILA spokesperson Leni Velasco said, “The return of work operations around the country is essential for the economy to run again, but to facilitate that using unreliable means will put workers into danger. The move to use to rapid antibody tests for mass screening for COVID19 will only give workers a false sense of security and run the risk of spreading the virus in the workplace — leading to a second wave of infection that our public health system won’t survive.”

DAKILA also slammed the recent statement of the Presidential Adviser for Entrepreneurship Joey Concepcion saying that the workers and the poor are more resilient to the virus and should be separated from those who are healthy through isolation. The statement, they pointed out, is a gross manifestation of the unjust treatment of the working poor, as well as businesses’ lack of value for laborers. “Workers and the poor are NOT virus-proof. They remain one of the most vulnerable sectors in this pandemic. In any situation, their lives must never be put in danger; it must be protected at all times. We can’t restart the economy at the expense of workers’ safety,” Velasco ended.

In line with this demand, a group of volunteers who started the campaign on mass testing named #MassTestingNowPH calls on the government to strengthen the Test-Treat-Trace approach in addressing the pandemic. The campaign urges business owners to use rRT-PCR testing to assist the return of employees to work after community quarantine protocols are lifted and they call for workers to demand the same. “Only through expanded RT-PCR testing can we have an accurate picture of the COVID-19 infection in the country. This should serve as the basis for any government decisions and actions. We should strengthen our call for mass testing, contact tracing, isolation, and treatment along with the continued provision of health and socio-economic assistance to our people,” #MassTestingNowPH said.

DAKILA, PAHRA, MAG, SUAC, and #MassTestingNowPH expressed their social solidarity with the Filipino working class which for the first time in Philippine history held Labor Day 2020 protest online in the context of the pandemic. In its unity statement, the groups said, “While the economy should be saved from further decline, it is by protecting and safeguarding the workers that can ensure the continuing lifeline of the economy. The working people are not virus proof and yet like the health workers, the government is sending them out like sacrifical lambs in this pandemic.”

The groups committed to intensifying the #MassTestingNowPH campaign until laboratories and personnel are capacitated, massive RRT-PCR-based testing is conducted, public health and rights-based approach are adopted by the government and the business sector, and the safety of workers are not put in danger amidst the desire to restart the economy.

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[From the web] Education in the New Normal: Address Inequities and Gaps to Insure Accessibility While Transitioning to Digital, Virtual Mode -ASSERT

Education in the New Normal: Address Inequities and Gaps to Insure Accessibility While Transitioning to Digital, Virtual Mode

We should have been alarmed when covid19 deaths in China, the country of origin of the virus, started to fill the news. But our government just took it for granted. It continues with the ‘business as usual’ attitude totally downplaying the potential damage it might bring.

WHO declared it as pandemic on March 11. The government declared Luzon lockdown on March 15. Then we started to witness how ill-prepared the government was to deal with the crisis. The only defined response was the lockdown and the passing of the law granting emergency powers to the President.

The people are helpless as they wait for the promised social amelioration that is delivered in trickles.

As we restlessly count days quarantined in our homes, we witness its continued exponential spread across the globe disrupting all facets of life. The global economy stopped. Festivities canceled. Religious practices disrupted. International sports events backtracked. Cultural activities put on hold.

Education is as gravely affected.

Disruptions and impact

The country-wide closures affected 1,578,657,884 learners accounting for 90.2% of total enrolled in 191 countries.

In the Philippines, basic public schools numbering 47,013 suspended classes disrupting the lives of 22,746,855 students. Examinations suspended. Rites that mark milestones in students’ learning journeys are canceled.

DepEd encouraged home-based learning using its Deped commons platform to catch up with lessons and compensate for lost school days. But this mode is highly dependent on the internet, computers, and tablets. Imagine how students would fare when 61% of 23 million households have no internet connections. Those with wifi suffer from the endless intermittent signals. Though 60.1% of the Philippine population is online, these are mostly mobile phone users.

To date, Philippine education is still in limbo. The only thing definite is that there is no going back.

The pandemic highlights class divides and inadequacies

For so long, Philippine education is in crisis. It is reflective of the situation of society in general. The litany of shortages, inefficiency, and corruption stunted its development. And are past curriculum changes and methods even relevant to the real demands of the times?

Covid19 exposed the skew in education.

Only the middle and upper strata have access to the internet, mobile phones, laptops, and computers. During the lockdown, they continue to have access to lessons. High-paying private schools easily shifted to online-based platforms and digital tools.
The rest wallow in deprivation. These are the students of urban and rural poor: children of peasants, indigenous peoples, workers, daily wage earners, and informal settlers. Quarantined with their parents and siblings and no school day to look forward to, they just idly and anxiously wait for food rations and relief. Accessing Deped commons is the least of their concerns.

The majority of those counted in 61% of the online population are mere cellphone users. Most belong to the 61% of 23 million households and 74% of the 47,013 schools with no internet access.

Teachers’ mindset and attitude towards technology and digital tools should also be addressed. The concept of ‘teachers’ as knowledge-source no longer holds true when a world of information is just a click away. Most public school teachers do not even have laptops and computers and whose access to the online world is mostly through Facebook. They are ‘digital migrants.’ Students are ‘digital natives.’ The virtual world is an extension of the learner’s life. Students are adept and fearless in exploring the online world. Teachers are just starting to understand it.

Multi-modal approach while transitioning to online and digital tools
On a positive note, the pandemic ushered in long-time needed innovations.
Clearly, virtual learning will be the dominant mode as we continue to battle with covid19. In fact, other Asian countries like China, Singapore, and Hongkong have long started with the use of online and digital tools.

Online platforms abound and have been here even before covid19. There is google classroom, zoom, FB live, and WhatsApp. There is also TED@Home which is so rich in learning resources. Students can even access DIY videos of almost anything. Learning could just be anywhere anytime.

Internet and communications technology have been revolutionizing education. Online and digital innovations are reshaping learning modes. Physical classroom set-up will soon be a thing of the past.

We are not prepared. But we have to adapt fast.

Addressing Inequities and Gaps is Crucial to Moving Forward

As the calendar for the next school year is yet to be decided, DepEd needs to step up. The government must support the financial requirements for a radically changed landscape of Philippine education.

In this light, we put forward the following:
1. Speed up the requisites for multi-modal learning (broadcast platforms like radio and television, internet among others).
2. Build the needed infrastructure – internet connections and electrification of all schools in remote provinces.
3. Provisions for gadgets and equipment – laptops and computers, digital notebooks, and tablets.
4. Onboard the teachers asap to the new mode. Conduct massive and intensive teachers’ training on online platforms and digital tools.
5. Ensure that curriculums are relevant. Review core subjects and core competencies.
6. Develop and enhance the alternative learning system (ALS) as a venue for learning and mechanism for moving up to a higher level.
7. Encourage cooperation and partnerships among schools and local government units especially in putting up educational infrastructures.
8. Explore support and sponsorships from private corporations engaged in digital tools, internet providers, telecommunications and social media entities.
9. Engage existing organizations of all stakeholders, especially teachers, students, and parents in reshaping education.
10. The new mode requires a bigger finance allocation. Appropriations for debt payments could be realigned in favor of education as a basic social service.

In the ‘new normal’ mode, changes are occurring in the same neoliberal paradigm
Internet, digital tools and online platforms are the same platforms for cultural aggression. The virtual mode is a fertile ground for decadent attitudes to flourish. It offers information overload rather than nurture critical thinking.

Thus, we should be vigilant against individualism, competition, commercialization, corruption, and consumerism. Let us continue to teach the skills the students need in surviving this world: informed decision making, creative problem solving, and adaptability.

The mode of learning will be changed but the orientation remains the same as we persistently challenged it.

It will still be serving neoliberal ideology. This is the same paradigm that makes education consistently subservient to foreign interests and capital demands. It is always profits and markets over people and rights. Concepts of sovereignty and nationalism will continue to be diffused.

Hence, as we transition to the ‘new normal,’ the progressive section of educators should make sure that the core values we cherish and fight for remain: human and women’s rights, genuine democracy, solidarity, rule of law, social justice, environmental justice, inclusion, and equity.

Let us continue to work for scientific, nationalist, and mass-oriented education. It is always in this context that education will be for the service of the people.###
ASSERT/26 April 2020

 

https://www.facebook.com/notes/assert/education-in-the-new-normal-address-inequities-and-gaps-to-insure-accessibility-/104435531257935/

 

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[Action Alert] Two members of the labor organization, BMP, arrested by the PNP after staging a Labor Day protest action allegedly for violation of the ECQ rules

Action Alert
May 1, 2020
(Philippines) Two members of the labor organization, Bukluran ng Manggagawang Pilipino (BMP), arrested by the Philippine National Police (PNP) after staging a Labor Day protest action allegedly for violation of the Enhanced Community Quarantine (ECQ) rule against social gathering and Republic Act 11332 or the Law on Reporting of Communicable Diseases in Rodriguez, Rizal

Dear Friends,

The Task Force Detainees of the Philippines (TFDP) is forwarding to you an appeal for the PNP not to file charges against members of BMP for taking part in the observance of the International Labor Day.

ACCOUNT OF THE INCIDENT

Reynaldo Dulay and Clarito Rastica, both BMP members, were arrested by members of the PNP after taking part in a protest action in relation to the international Labor Day celebration in their area in San Isidro, Rodriguez, Rizal.

Based on the report, Dulay and Rastica, along with other members of the organization, conducted a small protest activity to demand mass testing, adequate food and social amelioration, and paid quarantine leave and hazard pay for workers in San Isidro, Rodriguez, Rizal. A video of the event posted in social media showed the protesters following the requirement of social distancing and wearing of face masks. However, the police arrived and allegedly started arresting the protesters. Dulay and Rastica were the two persons accosted for alleged violation of the prohibition of social gathering during the ECQ.

Based on the information from some BMP members, Dulay and Rastica were brought to the Ynares Memorial Hospital for check-up, as part of the Standard Operating Procedure of the police upon a person’s arrest.

As of this writing, TFDP is trying to get in touch with Dulay and Rastica to gather more information.

The 1987 Philippine Constitution states in Article 3, Section 4 that “no law shall be passed abridging the freedom of speech, of expression, or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to assemble and petition the government for redress of grievances.

SUGGESTED ACTION:

Please write a letter to the following authorities for them to reconsider the filing of charges against Dulay and Rastica for their actions are covered by the rights of persons to peaceably assemble. The organization maintains that they followed protocols of social distancing and wearing of face masks to ensure the safety of its members and the public as well.

Please ask the authorities to ensure in all circumstances, especially in the enforcement of the Enhanced Community Quarantine during the COVID 19 Pandemic, respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms as enshrined in the 1987 Philippine Constitution, international human rights standards and international instruments signed and ratified by the Philippines.

Please send your letters to:

1. His Excellency Rodrigo Roa Duterte
President, Republic of the Philippines
New Executive Building, Malacanang Palace Compound
JP Laurel Street, San Miguel, Manila
1005 Philippines
Tel: +632 87368645; +632 87368603; +632-87368606; +632-87368629; +632-87368621
Telefax: +632 87368621
E-mail: pcc@malacanang.gov.ph

2. Hon. Menardo Guevarra
Secretary, Department of Justice (DOJ)
Padre Faura Street, Ermita, Manila
1000 Philippines
Tel: +632 85218348
Telefax: +632 85262618
Trunk line: +632 85238481 loc 217
Email: osecmig@gmail.com, communications@doj.gov.ph

3. Hon. Eduardo Aňo
Secretary, Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG)
DILG-NAPOLCOM Center
EDSA corner Quezon Avenue, Quezon City
Tel: +632 89250330; +632 89250331
Fax: +632 89250332
Trunk line: +632 88763454 loc 1001
Email: emano@dilg.gov.ph

4. Hon. Jose Luis Martin Gascon
Chairperson, Commission on Human Rights (CHR)
SAAC Bldg., Commonwealth Avenue
U.P. Complex, Diliman
Quezon City
Philippines
Tel: +632 89285655; +632 89266188
Telefax: +632 89290102
Email: chairgascon.chr@gmail.com

5. PNP Chief Lt. Gen. Archie Gamboa
Philippine National Police
PNP National Headquarters
Camp General Crame, EDSA
Quezon City, Metro Manila, Philippines 1100
Tel: +632 87230401; +632 87220650 local 3453/3473

6. Mayor Dennis Hernandez
Office of the Mayor
Rodriguez Municipal Hall
J.P. Rizal St., Rodriguez, Rizal
bayanngrodriguez@yahoo.com

Source:
https://www.gmanetwork.com/news/news/regions/736404/observing-social-distancing-bukluran-members-rally-on-labor-day/story/

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[Statement] Kalusugan, kabuhayan, kapakanan, at kapangyarihan sa masang manggagawa -BMP

BMP STATEMENT MAYO 1, 2020
(Mababasa rin dito: bit.ly/mayouno2020)

Kalusugan, kabuhayan, kapakanan, at kapangyarihan sa masang manggagawa

Sa Araw ng Paggawa ngayong taon – sa gitna ng pananalasa sa maraming bansa ng sakit na COVID19 at sa malawakang kagutuman ng milyon-milyong Pilipinong hindi makapaghanap-buhay dahil sa kwarantina, tahasan nating idinedeklara na:

Makakamit lamang ng masang manggagawa ang malusog na katawan at isipan, regular na hanapbuhay na may sapat na kita, at panatag na buhay na may maalwang na kinabukasang maipamamana sa susunod na henerasyon – kapag nakamit na ng uring manggagawa, ang totoong mayorya sa lipunan, ang kapangyarihang pampulitika para distrungkahin ang kasalukuyang bulok na kaayusang nakabatay sa tubo at sa pribadong pag-aari ng iilan.

Hangga’t ang may hawak sa kapangyarihan ay ang mga kinatawan ng interes ng kapital, na organisadong pwersa ng dahas at panunupil ng iilan sa nakararami, ang batas na kanilang babalangkasin at ipapatupad ay maglalagay sa panganib sa buong sambayanan.

Ang patunay ng peligrong hatid ng paghahari ng minorya sa mayorya ay makikita kung ano ang nilalaman at paano ipinapatupad ang lockdown o kwarantina, na kanilang ipinataw sa sambayanang Pilipino.

KALUSUGAN NG MASA: ISINAKRIPISYO SA NGALAN NG TUBO
Bago pa man ang pandemyang COVID19, naghihingalo na ang health care system ng bansa. Mayroon lang tayong 101,688 hospital beds, na nakakalat sa 1,223 ospital sa buong bansa. 75% ng ospital ay pribado.

Ang ideyal na bilang ay 44 health care workers (doktor, nars, medtech) sa bawat 1,000 Pilipino. Sa ngayon, mayroon lamang tayong 19 health care workers sa bawat 10,000 katao. Ang bilang ng ventilator (na kailangan ng pasyente ng COVID) sa bansa ay nasa 1,572 lamang, kung saan 423 ang nasa Metro Manila.

Taon-taon may 26,000 nars ang nakakapasa ng board exam mula 2012 hanggang 2016. Subalit sa panahon ding ito, 18,500 nars kada taon ang lumilikas para maging OFW. Tinayang may kakulangan ng 23,000 nars sa buong bansa. Samantala, nasa 150,000 nars ang kasalukuyang nagtatrabaho sa Estados Unidos.

Kung ang transmisyon ng COVID19 ay nasa 10% sa 107 milyong populasyon, at kung 10% ng magkakasakit ang mangangailangan ng ospitalisasyon, ito ay nasa 1.07 milyon pasyente na (ibig sabihin nito, isa sa bawat sampung maoospital sa COVID19 ay walang hospital bed!).
Subalit hindi naman lahat ng nagkakasakit ay nagpapaospital, ayon sa datos, 6 sa bawat 10 Pilipino ang namamatay nang hindi nagpapakonsulta sa doktor. Lagpas kalahati (56%) kasi ang dumudukot sa sariling bulsa (own-pocket) kapag naoospital. At marami (kahit mga may-kaya) ay lumalabas sa ospital nang naghihikahos. Sabi nga ni manong taxi driver, na nainterbyu, sa simula pa lang ng lockdown, “Mahirap maging mahirap”.

Ito ay sa usapin pa lamang ng health care system, na nakatuon sa pagpapagaling ng may-sakit. Paano naman ang prebensyon ng sakit? Kailangan ay may maayos na nutrisyon at malinis na tubig.

Ang problema sa kakulungan sa nutrisyon ay ramdam sa mga kabataan. Sa bawat araw, 95 bata ang namamatay sa malnutrisyon. 27 sa bawat 1,000 bata ang hindi umaabot sa ika-limang taon. Isa sa bawat tatlong bata ang maliit kumpara sa kanyang edad. Ang dalawang taong pagkaantala sa nutrisyon ay maaring maging permanente, di na kayang maihabol pa, o nakamamatay.

Ibang usapin pa ang kawalan ng malinis na tubig, hindi lang dahil ito ay batayang pangangailangan ng katawan ng tao. Bukod dito, ang paghuhugas ng kamay sa minimum na 20 segundo ang isa sa pinakamabisang paraan para labanan ang pagkalat ng COVID19. At ayon sa World Bank, 10% (10 milyong Pilipino) ang walang akses sa malinis na tubig!

Pinalala ng COVID19 ang matagal nang mga banta sa kalusugan ng mamamayang Pilipino. Kulang sa medikal na personel. Kulang sa ospital. Kulang sa malinis na tubig. Kulang sa nutrisyon.

Bakit ganito ang nangyari? Dahil sa patakaran ng pribatisasyon. Ito ang patakaran ng pagsasapribado ng mga batayang serbisyo na dapat ay binibigay ng mura o libre ng gobyerno sa kanyang mamamayan. Tubig. Kuryente. Ospital. Paaralan. At oo, maging internet. Kapalit ng buwis na kanyang kinakaltas sa mamamayan, lalong higit sa mayayaman (na kung tutuusin, ay mas maraming ligal na paraan para makaiwas sa kanilng obligasyon sa gobyerno).

Ang pandemyang COVID19 ang pinakamatibay na argumento laban sa pribatisasyon ng mga serbisyong pangkalusugan (at iba pang batayang pangangailangan). Simula sa Mayo Uno 2020, dapat mamulat ang kilusang paggawa na tumugon ito sa panlipunang usapin – gaya ng pangkalahatang kalusugan ng mamamayan, bukod pa sa pagtitiyak sa mga probisyon sa CBA ng mga unyon ukol sa occupational health and safety, medical insurance (bukod sa Philhealth), atbp.

KABUHAYANG ITINIGIL NG KWARANTINA
Milyon-milyon ang itinulak sa kawalang trabaho at kagutuman ng biglaang pagkwarantina sa buong bansa. Mayorya kasi ng lipunan ay mga manggagawa. Walang pag-aari kundi ang lakas-paggawa. Halos lahat ng pangangailangan ay kailangang bilhin. Magkakapera lamang kung magbabanat ng buto kapalit ng sweldo.

Hindi tayo kinonsidera ng gobyerno nang ipataw nito ang kautusang mag-“stay at home”. Noong una’y nakiusap lamang ito sa mga employer na ipagamit ang ating mga sick leave at vacation leave. Suhestiyon daw na magkawanggawa sila para sa atin.

Subalit nang maobliga nang bumunot mula sa pondo ng gobyerno, maglalaan daw ng 5K para sa sahurang empleyado ang DOLE sa pamamagitan ng programang CAMP (Covid Adjustment Measures Program). Nga-nga! Employer kasi ang mag-iinisyatiba para maghain sa kanilang manggagawa. Kailan pa kinalinga ng mga kapitalista ang kapakanan ng kanilang manggagawa? Hindi nga sila nakokonsensya na magbigay ng kararampot na sweldong hindi makakapagbigay ng disente’t marangal na buhay sa ating mga pamilya! Lalo pa sa panahong hindi tayo nagtatrabaho, hindi umaandar ang kanilang negosyo, at higit sa lahat, hindi natin nililikha ang kanilang tutubuin at ating seswelduhin!

Ang masakit, nang dumagsa na ang hinain ng mga employer, sinabi ng DOLE na ubos na ang kanilang pondong P1.6 bilyon. Subalit huwag daw tayong mag-aalala. Dahil naihanda diumano ni Sonny Dominguez ng Department of Finance ang P256 bilyon para sa medium-small-microenterprises (MSMEs) na bibigyan ng wage subsidy para may ipapasweldo sa kanilang manggagawa.

Nga-nga ulit, mga kamanggagawa! Paano ang milyon-milyong sumesweldo sa mga kumpanyang hindi itinuturing na MSME ng gobyerno? Paano tayo na inabot na ng mahigit isang buwan ngunit hindi naman nakinabang sa naunang DOLE-CAMP (at hindi naman papasok sa kategoryang “poorest of the poor” para sa 4Ps program ng DSWD)?

Ganyan rin ang nangyari sa social amelioration program (SAP) ng DSWD. Makalipas ang anim na linggo, 22% pa lamang ng target ang nabahaginan ng SAP dahil sa burukratikong proseso para ma-avail nito tulad ng validation ng beneficiaries. Dagdag mo pa kung paano namamanipula ng mga pultiko ang ayudang ito. Ganito tayo suklian ng gobyerno (matapos ang mahabang panahong ang ating pagtatrabaho ang siyang pinagmumulan ng industriyal na tubo, renta sa lupang inookupa ng ating employer, interes sa kanilang utang, at buwis sa sahod at tubo! Gagawin tayong mga pulubi. Nawalan ng dangal ang paggawang lumlikha ng pangangailangan at bumubuhay sa tao!

Wala naman talagang pakialam sa ating pagtatrabaho ang nasa gobyerno.

Hindi ba’t agad nitong inutos ang pagtigil sa pampublikong transportasyon – kahit pinahintulutan ang pagtatrabaho ng tinaguriang mga magigiting ng “frontliner”? Ano ang nangyari! Ang nars, at iba pang nagtatrabaho sa mga ospital (bukod sa mga duktor na karaniwang naka-kotse) ay naglalakad para pumasok sa trabaho!?! Walang pakialam ang pala-utos na gobyerno. Kaya nga’t hindi pinaghandaan ang pagkuha ng mga kasangkapan sa kanilang proteksyon (face mask/shield, personal protective equipment, atbp.) para sa mga medical frontliner!

Ang lockdown ay nangangahulugan ng ibayong gutom para sa masang manggagawa. Kaya naman, marami ang papabor sa pag-aalis ng mga restriksyon upang pahintulutang makapagtrabahong muli ang mga tao. May mga employer nang nagpanukala nito sa dulong linggo ng Marso. Pinahinto kasi ang produksyon at distribusyon. Tumigil kasi ang sirkulasyon ng kalakal at kapital. Hindi na lumilikha ng bagong halaga ang manggagawa. At kapag walang nabebentang kalakal, hindi nila nalalasap ang tubo sa anyo ng pera.

Hindi pwedeng isakripisyo ang manggagawa sa altar ng tubo. Alam nating mas makikipagsapalaran ang manggagawa sa posibleng kontaminasyon sa COVID19 kaysa sa tiyak na gutom sa kanyang pamilya. Subalit, kailangang ilagay lahat ng proteksyon para tiyak na hindi mahawa ng manggagawa ang myembro ng kanyang tahanan kung sakaling makontamina siya ng COVID19 dahil sa pag-alis ng bahay upang makapagtrabaho.

Proteksyon sa paggawa! Ipatupad ang social distancing sa trabaho. Gastusan ng employer ang face mask/shield, o PPE kung kinakailangan. Regular na paglilinis (disinfection) sa mga sasakyan. Shuttle bus para ihatid ang mga manggagawa. At higit sa lahat, bilang pagkilala sa risko na kanilang pinapasok sa pagtatrabaho, doble o tripleng sahod bilang hazard pay!

Sa kabilang banda, may positibong ipinamalas ang lockdown sa usapin ng paggawa. Ang pansamantalang pagtigil sa pang-ekonomikong aktibidad ay nakabubuti sa kalikasan at ekolohiya. Subalit higit dito, sobra-sobra na ang nalikha ng tao kaya’t maari nang tumigil sa pagtatrabaho. Ang problema sa kagutuman at kahirapan ay hindi ang kakapusan sa produksyon ng pangangailangan; kundi nasa distribusyon nito, dahil ang mga ito ay kalakal na kailangan munang bilhin ng tao bago makatugon sa anumang pangangailangan.

Ano ang ibig sahibin nito? Sa inabot na produktibidad ng tao, may kapasidad na tayong bawasan ang oras ng pagtatrabaho sa isang araw (working day) at araw ng pagtatrabaho sa isang linggo (workweek) – nang walang kabawasan sa sahod ng manggagawa. Mula sa pandemyang COVID19, isisilang ang bagong kilusan para sa pagbabawas ng oras at araw ng pagtatrabaho. Ito ang isa sa mga kilusang maghuhubog sa tinaguriang “new normal”, sa isang post-COVID na pandaigdigang ekonomya.

KAPAKANANG HINDI PRINAYORIDAD NG ELITISTANG GOBYERNO
Ang pamamahagi ng pagkain sa populasyong gutom at nakakwarantina ang unang sukatan kung totoo ngang kinakalinga ng gobyerno ang kanyang mamamayan. Wala nang singlinaw pa sa pahayag ni Dra. Rowena Mangubat. Aniya, “Nauubos din ang mga doctors. Ipamahagi niyo ang mga pagkain para hindi lumabas ang mga tao. Kung hindi, mauubos tayong lahat”.

Ang tagumpay ng ipinapatupad ng lockdown ay nakasalalay sa pamimigay ng pagkain sa mamamamayan. Hindi ito simpleng usapin ng kawalan ng disiplina. Kahit sinong magulang, gaano man kadisiplinado, ay lalabas ng bahay at gagawa ng anumang paraan, mapatigil lamang ang kumakalam na sikmura ng kanyang mga anak.

Ang problema sa distribusyon ng ayuda ay nasa bulok na pulitika na namamayani sa ating bansa. Nakuha na ng Malakanyang ang hinangad niyang pagkonsentra ng pondo sa executive branch. Pinadaloy ito sa mga LGU o local government units (kahit pa alam ng lahat na ang mismong makinaryang ito ay tadtad ng korapsyon). Ang standard-operating-procedure (SOP) sa pamahalaang lokal ay ang paggamit sa rekurso at pondo ng gobyerno para mapanatili sa poder ang mga naghaharing pampulitikang angkan.

Sa ayuda sa panahon ng kwarantina, nag-anyo ito hindi lamang sa pagtatatak sa mukha ng pulitiko sa binibigay na relief goods. Mas masahol dito ay ang pagtitiyak ng mga makinarya ng pulitiko na mabiyayaan muna ang kanilang mga pamilya (mula sa konsehal hanggang sa ward leader ng mga barangay). Ang masakit, ang sahurang manggagawa, na hindi naman aktibo sa mga pulitika sa barangay dahil abala sa paghahanapbuhay at kapag hindi naman nabibilang sa malaking pamilyang sinusuyo ang boto tuwing eleksyon – ay siguradong hindi na mabibiyayaan ng ayuda mula sa LGU. Kahit pa ang kanyang pagtatrabaho ang pinagmulan ng sahod at tubo, na pinagkukunan ng buwis ng kapitalistang estado!

Dahil dito, ang manggagawa ang dapat manguna sa pagigiit ng audit sa lingguhang ulat na dapat na gawin ni Duterte sa taumbayan. Saan napunta ang trilyon-trilyon pisong pondo para sa COVID19? Hindi lamang ang pondo mula sa badyet ng 2020 kundi ang utang at ayuda sa mga pinansyal na institusyon gaya ng World Bank (WB) at Asian Development Bank (ADB).

May karapatan ang manggagawa sa usaping ng pampublikong utang. Una, dahil dapat siyang makinabang dito. Ikalawa, dahil kasama siya sa pagbabayad nito! Kung gayon, kaisa rin siya ng sambayanang Pilipino na kahilingang huwag nang bayaran ang nauna nang utang ng gobyerno. Bayad na ito nang higit sa prinsipal. Kalabisan nang ibayad pa dito ang pondo lubos na kailangan ngayon para iahon sa gutom at kahirapan ang sambayanang Pilipino.

Nagdulot man ng paghihikahos ang ipinataw na kwarantina. Ang ginagawa ngayong “grow your own food” ng mamamayan ay sumisilip sa mga kahinaan ng kasalukuyang “import dependent, export oriented economy”. Tayo ay isang tropikal na bansang pinagyaman ng matabang lupa at maayos na klima. Kabalintunaang umaasa tayo sa importasyon ng pagkain, laluna ng bigas. Kailangang ayusin ang plano sa paggamit ng lupa upang iprayoridad ang agrikultura kaysa sa komersyo, na pinakikinabangan lamang ng mga negosyanteng landlord at mga nagpipinansya sa kanila. Balangkasin ang panibagong ekonomyang pangunahing nakatuon sa pangangailangan ng mga Pilipino hindi sa mga dayuhang monopolyo korporasyon.

KAPANGYARIHAN SA IILAN: “SUMUNOD NA LANG KAYO” PARA SA NAKARARAMI
Gaya nang ating nabanggit sa simula, ang kailangan ng manggagawa ay pampulitikang kapangyarihan upang tiyakin ang kanyang kalusugan, kabuhayan at kapakanan – na sumasaglit sa isip ng gobyerno kung kailangan ito para lumikha ng tubo sa kapital. Malusog para magtrabaho. Sumesweldo para bumalik sa trabaho sa susunod na araw. Pinaiiwas sa sakit o delubyo para manatiling produktibo sa paglikha ng tubo, buwis, at renta para sa iilang naghahari at nagmamay-ari sa lipunan.

Teka. Iyan ay mistulang isang diktadura?! Hindi ba’t nasa ilalim tayo ng diumano’y demokrasya? Oo. May kapangyarihan ang manggagawa – bilang magkakahiwalay na botante – na pumili tuwing eleksyon kung sino ang susunod na magsasamantala at manloloko sa atin.

Sa pagitan ng mga halalan, tayo ay pinepwersang maging maamong tupa. Sinasabihan na “sumunod na lang kayo”. Kinakastigo dahil kulang daw sa “disiplina”. Ang trabaho ng mga manggagawa bilang mabuting mga indibidwal na mamamayan ay sumunod, kahit inaabuso ng mga nasa kapangyarihan, kahit binabataan ng dahas o kamatayan sa mga checkpoint, kahit binabaril ng mga abusadong pulis (gaya ng nangyari sa ex-army na si Winston Ragos).

Narito ang kahinaan ng mga ginagawa ng rehimeng Duterte laban sa COVID19. Ang taumbayan ay hindi kasali. Taliwas sa ginawa ng sosyalistang bansang Vietnam, na kahit mas maliit ang ekonomya kumpara sa Pilipinas, ay nagawang maimobilisa ang gobyerno at ang taumbayan para pigilan ang pagkalat ng pandemya. Sa Vietnam, umasa ang gobyerno hindi pasibong sa pagpapasunod sa taumbayan kundi sa kanilang aktibong partisipasyon sa mga hakbang para labanan ang pandemya.

Nakakamit lamang ng manggagawa ang ganitong kapangyarihan, kung sila ay organisado. Ito ang unang aral na natututunan ng manggagawa sa pag-uunyon. Mag-isip at kumilos para sa kapakanan ng kabuuan. Hindi sa watak-watak at kanya-kanyang indibidwal na interes. Armado ng kaisipang lahat ng manggagawa ay magkakapatid bilang uri. At dahil organisado ay may kapangyarihan at lakas para baguhin ang kanilang kalagayan.

Ang ganitong mulat na disiplina ang nagpanday sa mamamayan ng Vietnam para tugunan ang salot na COVID19, na siya ring ginawa ng kanilang mga ninuno nang talunin sa digmaan ang Estados Unidos na pinakamakapangarihang bansa sa daigdig. Ito rin ang klase ng disiplinang bakal na kinatatakutan ng mga naghaharing uri sa Pilipinas at sa buong daigdig.

Dalawang pwersa ang kailangang magsanib para iligtas ang sangkatauhan sa COVID19: (a) syensya para sa kabutihan ng lahat at (b) pagkakapatiran ng sangkatuhan. Iisa ang banta laban dito – ang interes ng mga kapitalista, ang kapangyarihan ng pribadong pag-aari. Sapagkat ang matutuklasang bakuna ay pipilitin ng mga korporasyong medikal na magiging kalakal imbes na maging serbisyo sa sangkatauhan. At magagawa nila ito, kung mananatili ang pagkakanya-kanya ng mga tao, na gagawing magkakumpetensya bilang buyer sa merkado ng naturang bakuna. Ang tanging uri na maaring lumagpas sa ganitong makitid na pag-iiisip ay ang uring manggagawa.

Kung gayon, sa okasyong ito ng Mayo Uno – at sa darating na mga araw na pagtatalunan ang mga patakaran sa ilalim ng “new normal” sa isang pandaigdigang ekonomyang sinasalanta ng COVID19, isulong natin ang mga kagyat at pangmatagalang mga kahilingang mag-oorganisa sa kapangyarihan ng masang manggagawa at magtuturo sa istorikal na direksyon ng ating pakikibaka.

Tungo sa lipunang totoong kumakalinga sa interes ng lahat ng myembro ng lipunan, hindi lamang para sa iilang may-kapital. Isang lipunang totoong asosasyon, hindi separasyon, ng mga tao. Isang lipunan ng pagkakapatiran at kooperasyon, hindi kompetisyon, sa pagitan ng mga tao. Isang sosyalistang lipunang ipupundar ng kilusang paggawa at magbabagsak sa paghahari ng kapital.

Itaguyod ang kalusugan, kabuhayan, kapakanan ng mamamayan. Kapangyarihan sa masang manggagawa!

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[Video] TAPIK (Virtual tapikan, jamming, at kumustahan sa gawaing pangkultura sa gitna ng lockdown.) -iDEFEND & PAHRA

TAPIK (Virtual tapikan, jamming, at kumustahan sa gawaing pangkultura sa gitna ng lockdown.)

Diavlog nina:
Olive Nieto at Sari Saysay
sa panulat ni: Layeta P. Bucoy

Mga tula ni:
Rhoda Viajar

Mga musika at awit ng:
Teatrong Bayan
Sining Dilaab
Galo Tepangan
Alyansa Tigil Mina Youth
Youth 4 Rights

At nina:
Joseph Puruganan ng Village Idiots
Melascom “Miyak” Van Vugt
Ja Quintana

At sayaw ni:
Sasa Cabalquinto

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[Video] Buhay-bahay (Situation of Women and Children Under Lockdown) -iDEFEND, PAHRA

Situation of Women and Children Under Lockdown

Kasama sina:

Jelen Paclarin
Executive Director,
Women’s Legal and Human Rights Bureau (WLB)

Dr. Maria Lourdes Mendoza
Women and Children Protection Unit,
Northern Mindanao Medical Center

Julie Ann Regalado
Division Chief, Child Rights Center
Commission on Human Rights

Rowena Legaspi
Executive Director,
Children’s Legal and Research Development Center (CLRD)

Krissi Shaffina Twyla Rubin
OIC,
Center for Gender Equality and Women’s Human Rights
Commission on Human Rights

Moderator:
Ritz Lee Santos III
Executive Director,
Balay Alternative Legal Advocates for Development in Mindanaw Inc. (BALAOD Mindanaw)

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[Statement] Human Rights Watch’s reaction to the increasing incidents of law enforcers and government officials mistreating Filipinos during the lockdown

Human Rights Watch’s reaction to the increasing incidents of law enforcers and government officials mistreating Filipinos during the lockdown

The Philippines government should immediately rein in out of control law enforcers and public officials committing rights abuses while they enforce Covid-19 quarantine and lockdown regulations. Even before the incident in Dasmarinas Village, Makati City, there has been an increasing number of incidents in which police and government personnel abused their powers by committing rights violations. The DILG must exercise effective oversight over its personnel, investigate all reports of abuses, and hold officers committing rights violations accountable. The lockdown and quarantine, and even the emergency powers bestowed on President Duterte, do not excuse the actions of officials to wantonly violate international human rights norms and the Philippine Constitution, which specifically protects citizens from unreasonable searches and arrests.

Phil Robertson
Deputy Asia Director
Human Rights Watch

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[In the news] QC cop who killed ex-soldier ‘followed instruction’ — PNP chief -PhilStar.com

QC cop who killed ex-soldier ‘followed instruction’ — PNP chief

The chief of the national police defended Thursday the actions of a Quezon City cop involved in the killing of a former soldier on Tuesday afternoon, saying he was simply complying with instructions.

Despite the Quezon City Police Department (QCPD) saying that the officer in question was facing criminal and administrative charges, PNP chief Gen. Archie Gamboa insisted that the cop was under threat by the suspect, 34-year-old army veteran Winston Ragos, and was prompted to shoot him twice.

Read more @www.philstar.com

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[From the web] Labor group condemns arrest of PUP student leader -PM

Labor group condemns arrest of PUP student leader

The labor group Partido Manggagawa (PM) condemns the arrest of Rexon Aumentado, a PUP student leader and a volunteer in helping students stranded in PUP dorms when ECQ was declared on March 16.

Aumentado was detained at PCP #8 in Sta. Mesa Manila since yesterday is waiting for inquest proceeding at the city prosectors office today.

A post on the Facebook page of the student group, PUP SPEAK, disclosed that Aumentado, an engineering student, was arrested Saturday afternoon while on his way to the market to buy food for stranded PUP students. He was charged for violation of quarantine protocols and falsification of public documents.

The student group, however, claims that contrary to PCP #8’s report, Aumentado is authorized to go out as he carries valid and legitimate Home Quarantine Pass (HQP) verified by Barangay 587.

Apparently, it was Barangay 587 who made a mistake in issuing double-entry HQP. Barangay officials made an official representation to certify the mistake but police officers rejected their appeal.

Prior to the apprehension, Aumentado serves as a volunteer in aiding stranded dormers and service workers. Together with other volunteers, he also feeds cats within PUP vicinity.

“We call for Aumentado’s immediate release as helping fellow students in distress is not a criminal offense but rather a commendable act of bayanihan. The defense of his rights before a police officer is neither a crime,” said Judy Miranda, PM Secretary-General.

Miranda said the arrest of Aumentado is sending a wrong signal to volunteers who are willing to work side by side with our front liners in helping stranded people.

“It also gives the impression that persons in similar circumstances may be suspected as ‘lawless elements’ by security forces who rule the streets now in a martial law manner,” said Miranda.

She called on the government to implement a more humane response to this pandemic to avoid violating the rights of many people.

#FreeRexonAumentado
#MakataongTugonHindiMilitarisasyon

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[Action Alert] (Philippines) Mentally-challenged man killed by members of the Philippine National Police during the Enhanced Community Quarantine in Quezon City -TFDP

Action Alert
(Philippines) Mentally-challenged man killed by members of the Philippine National Police during the Enhanced Community Quarantine in Quezon City

April 22, 2020

Dear Friends,

The Task Force Detainees of the Philippines (TFDP) is forwarding to you an appeal for further investigation regarding the killing of a mentally-challenged man by members of the Philippine National Police during their enforcement of the Enhanced Community Quarantine in Quezon City.

——————————————————————————-

ACCOUNT OF THE INCIDENT:

Winston Ragos, a 34-year old retired member of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) who was mentally-challenged was shot dead by a member of the Philippine National Police (PNP) at around 2:30 PM on April 21, 2020, along Maligaya Drive corner Sampaguita St., Barangay Pasong Putik, Quezon City.

According to the police spot report on the incident, PMSg Daniel Florendo requested police back up to apprehend Ragos, who was alleged by the police to be carrying a handgun in his sling bag.

Florendo, along with four police trainees, namely Dajeles Gaciles, Arnel B. Fontillas, Jr., Joy P. Flaviano, and Dante G. Fronda were said to be initially manning the Quarantine Control Point in Maligaya Drive in front of the 7/11 convenience store when Ragos allegedly asked Fontillas and Flaviano, “Ang sama mo makatingin, ano ba ang problema mo?” (“Why are you looking at me like that, what’s your problem?”)
Based on a video of the incident that appeared online, people in the area tried to tell the police that Ragos was not well. He was allegedly mentally-challenged because of his duty in the AFP. They said that Ragos was “war shocked” from his assignment in the AFP. However, based on the video, the police did not heed the people who were trying to protect Ragos.

Based on another video, Ragos was seen with his back to the police with both his hands held up, when members of the police asked him to drop to his knees. However, according to another post by a certain Fae Macahilig, allegedly a niece of Ragos, Ragos tried to show the police that he did not have a gun in his sling bag. Ragos’ gesture, based on the police spot report, was interpreted by the police as “attempt to pull out his firearm inside his sling bag”. Hence, Florendo shot Ragos twice that resulted in his death.

The police claimed in their report that a .36 Smith and Wesson revolver without a serial number and loaded with four ammunition/cartridges were found in the victim’s possession. However, Macahilig claimed in her post that Ragos did not have a gun.

In the same post, Macahilig claimed that during the incident, people were being prevented to take videos of what was happening; those who were able to take videos were allegedly also harassed into deleting the shots or footage.

Macahilig also lamented the absence of the members of the barangay who could have convinced the police that Ragos was mentally ill. This could have deescalated the situation since the police did not listen to the residents.

Article 4 Section 1 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights states that “in time of public emergency which threatens the life of the nation and the existence of which is officially proclaimed, the State Parties to the present Covenant may take measures derogating from their obligations under the present Covenant to the extent strictly required by the exigencies of the situation, provided that supposed measures are not inconsistent with their other obligations under international law and do not involve discrimination solely on the ground of race, colour, sex, language, religion or social origin.”

However, Article 4 section 2 also mentioned that there should be no derogation from Article 6. Article 6 states that “every human being has the inherent right to life. This right shall be protected by law. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his life.”

In the 1987 Philippine Constitution, the right to life is protected in Article 3, Section 1, “No person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law, nor shall any person be denied the equal protection of the laws.”

As of this writing, homicide charge has been filed against the police officer who shot Ragos. The Philippine Army has also asked the National Bureau of Investigation (NBI) to investigate the case.

SUGGESTED ACTION:

Please write a letter to the following authorities, for a swift and impartial investigation on the killing of Mr. Winston Ragos and also to urge the PNP to apply maximum tolerance against alleged violators of the Enhanced Community Quarantine and to observe the PNP Manual in the application of necessary and reasonable force.

A. Ensure that all who participated and were responsible for the killing of Winston Ragos be investigated and if need be, brought to justice.
B. Ensure in all circumstances respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms in accordance with the 1987 Philippine Constitution, international human rights standards and international instruments ratified by the Philippines, especially in the enforcement of the Enhanced Community Quarantine during the COVID 19 Pandemic.

Please send your letters:

1. His Excellency Rodrigo Roa Duterte
President, Republic of the Philippines
New Executive Building, Malacanang Palace Compound
JP Laurel Street, San Miguel, Manila
1005 Philippines
Tel: +632 87368645; +632 87368603; +632-87368606; +632-87368629; +632-87368621
Telefax: +632 87368621
E-mail: pcc@malacanang.gov.ph

2. Hon. Menardo Guevarra
Secretary, Department of Justice (DOJ)
Padre Faura Street, Ermita, Manila
1000 Philippines
Tel: +632 85218348
Telefax: +632 85262618
Trunkline: +632 85238481 loc 217
Email: osecmig@gmail.com, communications@doj.gov.ph

3. Hon. Eduardo Aňo
Secretary, Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG)
DILG-NAPOLCOM Center
EDSA corner Quezon Avenue, Quezon City
Tel: +632 89250330; +632 89250331
Fax: +632 89250332
Trunkline: +632 88763454 loc 1001
Email: emano@dilg.gov.ph

4. Hon. Jose Luis Martin Gascon
Chairperson, Commission on Human Rights (CHR)
SAAC Bldg., Commonwealth Avenue
U.P. Complex, Diliman
Quezon City
Philippines
Tel: +632 89285655; +632 89266188
Telefax: +632 89290102
Email: chairgascon.chr@gmail.com

5. PNP Chief Lt. Gen. Archie Gamboa
Philippine National Police
PNP National Headquarters
Camp General Crame, EDSA
Quezon City, Metro Manila, Philippines 1100
Tel: +632 87230401; +632 87220650 local 3453/3473

6. Mayor Josefina Belmonte
Office of the Mayor
11th Floor, Quezon City Hall, High Rise Building, Quezon City
https://web.facebook.com/MayorJoyBelmonte

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[From the web] Rest easy, soldier: Netizens cry #JusticeForWinstonRagos -RAPPLER.com

Rest easy, soldier: Netizens cry #JusticeForWinstonRagos

Filipinos online demanded justice for Winston Ragos, the soldier who was killed by a cop in Quezon City over quarantine rules on Tuesday, April 21.

On Thursday, April 23, Ragos’ mother Merlyn said his son, a Marawi siege veteran who was not mentally stable, would not have been killed if the police only managed the incident better – a sentiment shared by many others.

Ragos was formerly enlisted with the Army until January 2017, and had suffered schizophrenia and trauma from “war shock.”

Earlier this month, President Duterte ordered cops to “shoot dead” unruly violators of the enhanced community quarantine, which some netizens linked to the unfortunate killing of Ragos.

Many netizens also chided those who blamed the soldier’s family for not keeping him in the house and those who believed that the killing was justified since Ragos violated quarantine rules.

Read full story @www.rappler.com

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[Statement] CHR spokesperson, Atty Jacqueline Ann de Guia, on the incident involving a cop shooting an alleged lockdown violator in Barangay Pasong Putik, Quezon City

Statement of CHR spokesperson, Atty Jacqueline Ann de Guia, on the incident involving a cop shooting an alleged lockdown violator in Barangay Pasong Putik, Quezon City

Strict measures, such as community lockdowns, were set during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic to protect our right to health and, ultimately, save lives. It is most alarming when these measures trigger allegations of human rights violations and, worse, result in any loss of lives.

On Tuesday, 21 April 2020, a certain Winston Ragos was gunned down by Police Master Sergeant Daniel Florendo Jr near a quarantine checkpoint along Maligaya Drive in Barangay Pasong Putik, Quezon City.

Ragos was later identified as a former soldier who served heroically in Marawi and was said to be suffering from a mental condition because of fulfilling his duty.

We note that the leadership of the Quezon City Police District (QCPD) has already ordered a ‘criminal and administrative investigation’ of the incident and, in a statement, said that what Florendo did was a ‘judgment call.’

However, there are different accounts of what transpired, including clashing narratives on whether the victim had a pistol in his sling bag, which the police claims as a sign of imminent danger, thus resulting in the shooting.

The Commission on Human Rights is already investigating this matter.

We stress since the start of the implementation of quarantines and lockdowns that law enforcers must always remain respectful of human rights, even in the face of a national health emergency. We recognise that law enforcement officials are important in the protection of life, liberty, property, and the security of person—guaranteed rights as outlined in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and in our 1987 Constitution. But there are also guidelines set on the use of force that law enforcers must strictly observe.

The Basic Principles on the Use of Force and Firearms by Law Enforcement Officials, as adopted by the UN Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders, remind that: ‘Law enforcement officials, in carrying out their duty, shall, as far as possible, apply non-violent means before resorting to the use of force and firearms.’
Under the same principles, it was outlined that if the use of force and firearms is unavoidable, then authorities must practice restraint and act in proportion to the seriousness of the offense, mindful of minimizing damage and injury and with respect to the preservation of human life.

The same discussions are found in the Philippine National Police Operational Procedures when it prohibited the excessive use of force during police operations. And if merited, reminds police officers, that ‘only such necessary and reasonable force should be applied as would be sufficient to overcome the resistance put up by the offender; subdue the clear and imminent danger posed by him; or to justify the force/act under the principles of self- defense, defense of relative, or defense of stranger.’

At this point, we look forward to QCPD’s fair and impartial investigations. And similar to cases of alleged ’self-defense’ when confronted with imminent danger, we also reiterate our call to allow the rule of law to prevail and let the scrutiny of the proper courts weigh in on the question if the circumstances are justifiable to warrant the shooting, which eventually resulted to death.

https://www.facebook.com/notes/commission-on-human-rights-of-the-philippines/statement-of-chr-spokesperson-on-the-incident-involving-a-cop-shooting-an-allege/2758912674225260/

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[Statement] CHR Spokesperson, Atty. Jacqueline Ann de Guia, on recent remarks to implement Martial law-style enforcement of quarantine rules

Statement of CHR Spokesperson, Atty. Jacqueline Ann de Guia, on recent remarks to implement Martial law-style enforcement of quarantine rules

Containing the spread of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has been the paramount objective in the implementation of the enhanced community quarantine. Our current COVID-19 figures show that we are still at the peaking stage of the pandemic, the threat to public health is still growing, and the challenge to our public health system remains daunting. As we have posited from the start, restrictive measures—the enhanced community quarantine and other stringent social distancing policies—are justified given that the primordial right to health and life is at stake.

Recently, the Chief Executive warned of Martial law-style enforcement if compliance does not improve. The Chief of the Philippine National Police, as well as some local officials, also made similar remarks. The Office of the President clarified that this was a verbal warning and not a formal declaration.

The Commission on Human Rights (CHR) recognizes that such remark intends to direct strict enforcement to law enforcers while deterring non-compliance and ensuring cooperation from the public. We have equally urged for cooperation and solidarity from the very start for these are crucial in preventing transmission and to gradually flatten the curve.

Proper enforcement and public cooperation are indeed expedient. The best way to achieve these is through a humanitarian approach that ensures peace while protecting public health. For a thorough implementation, we reiterate the need for clear-cut guidelines for law enforcers on the ground that will provide scenarios, do’s and don’ts, and commensurate penalties. This will also serve as a safeguard against abuse of authority, guarantee respect for rights, and prevent undue panic.

We note that the quarantine guidelines underscore the need to respect human rights in the implementation. We recognize the intention to ensure balance in protecting public health while respecting human rights. As we have pointed out in our earlier advisories and releases, measures for protecting the general populace that necessitates limiting rights and freedom must be proportionate to the attainment of clear objectives, lawful, and respectful of human dignity among others.

As a public health measure, the quarantine rules are still bound by legal standards. Any warrantless arrest should be within legal ambit, which strictly provides specific circumstances when it is merited. Further, the measures must be strictly motivated by public health reasons and must not be used to target any group nor to repress dissent or critics. Needless to say, fundamental rights remain even as some necessary measures need to be taken.

In a state of public emergency, it might be convenient to resort to sweeping measures that provide shortcuts. However, protecting public health entails due diligence and nuancing such that all factors are considered and no human dignity is trampled upon. Our right to health can only be fully protected through the continuing exercise of the wide array of other rights, such as the right to information, food, free speech, and economic security. Hence, we continue to call for a holistic approach that will ensure public health while upholding human rights and dignity.

As we endeavor to heal as one, we must continue to foster rule of law and human rights to facilitate the emergence of a healthier and more humane society after this crisis.

https://www.facebook.com/notes/commission-on-human-rights-of-the-philippines/statement-of-chr-spokesperson-on-recent-remarks-to-implement-martial-law-style-e/2758557130927481/

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[Press Release] Manggagawang kumuha ng ayudang P500, dinakip at pinagpipiyansa ng P3000 -Ating Guro Party List

Manggagawang kumuha ng ayudang P500, dinakip at pinagpipiyansa ng P3000

Dalawang empleyado ng isang maliit na food business ang nakadetine ngayon sa Catmon, Malabon matapos arestuhin ng mga pulis noong Lunes dahilan sa wala silang quarantine pass. Ang mga kawawang obrerong sina Edward Coyoca, 23 anyos at kapatid niyang si Earl Coyoca, 20 anyos ay dinakip habang papauwi na sa kanilang bahay sa Longos, Malabon matapos kumuha ng ayuda ng kanilang employer na nagkakahalaga ng P500.

Kuwento ni Jomar Capulot, tiyuhin ng mga biktima, mahigipit umano ang pangangailangan ng magkapatid dahilan sa na-stroke ang kanilang ama at ang kanilang ina naman ay isang OFW. Walang inaasahan ang pamilya kundi ang sahod ng magkapatid sa isang kainan sa Caloocan subalit dahilan sa ipinatupad na ECQ ay nagsara ito. Kaya naman tumungo ang magkapatid sa kanilang employer upang kunin ang ayuda na naging dahilan ng kanilang pagkakahuli sa boundary ng Malabon at Caloocan noong Lunes.

“Dahilan sa ayudang P500 lamang bawat isa sa kanila ay maghahagilap ngayon ng halagang P6, 000 ang magkapatid. Saan naman sila kukuha ng ganung halaga samantalang problema pa ng kanilang pamilya ang makakain sa araw-araw.” Dagdag pa ni Capulot.

Ngayon ay nasa ika-apat na araw na ng pagkakadetine sa magkapatid sapagkat wala umanong piskal na mag-aasikaso sa kanilang pagpiyansa at paglabas.

“Hindi naman tayo tutol sa ECQ o kahit pa sa lockdown pero sana naman ang mga ganitong sitwasyon ay mabibigyan ng makataong konsiderasyon. Malinaw naman na hindi pasaway ang ang mga pamangkin ko. Nais lamang nilang matulungan ang mga sarili at kanilang pamilya sapagkat walang sapat na tulong na ibinibigay sa kanila. Imbes na ayuda ay aresto pa ang ibinigay sa kanila.” Himutok ni Capulot.

Umaapela si Capulot sa gobyerno at mga kapulisan na maging makatao sana sa pagpapatupad ng mga polisiya kaugnay ng ECQ at bigyan naman ng konsiderasyon ang mga katulad na kaso na maaring kaharapin ng iba pang mga mahihirap na mamamayan.

————————————————-
Para sa mga detalye:
Jomar Capulot, 09062233541
(Si Jomar Capulot ay isang guro sa Imelda Senior HS sa Malabon)

ATING GURO Partylist
“Para sa Guro, sa Bata at sa Bansa!”
207 Garcia Ext., Doña Faustina Subd., San Bartolome, Novaliches, Quezon City
Mobile Number: 0917-1138336
Email: atingguropartylist2020@gmail.com

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[Statement] No to Militarization of Public Health Emergency! -KILUSAN

Calibrated lifting of Luzon ECQ!
No to Militarization of Public Health Emergency!

Ahead of the IATF meeting that is supposed to come up with a proposal for President Duterte to consider, Palace Spokesperson Harry Roque floated the idea that the lockdown may not be lifted and instead be up for another extension or, “modification”.

But recent events prove the ECQ is becoming stricter and harsher. President Duterte earlier vented his ire on so-called “pasaway” and threatened military and police take-over ECQ implementation. Indeed, ECQ is being militarized, in order to check “violations” of ECQ rules. But other than compounding the fears and sufferings of the people, further militarization exposes the government’s lapses and failures in its COVID-19 response.

The resignation of Ernesto Pernia from his posts as a socio-economic planning secretary and as NEDA chief and, the resolution by senators calling on health secretary Duque to resign, underscore government’s chaotic and blundering actions.

The Social Amelioration Program (SAP) is still bogged down in a web of discrepancies between DSWD’s and LGU’s lists of qualified beneficiaries. The DOH, while already lagging behind mounting backlog in COVID-19 testing, is encumbering, instead of supporting, mass testing efforts by LGUs. Initiatives by LGUs in building and readying isolation and quarantine facilities for PUIs and PUMs came before the national government started refitting certain public facilities for the same purpose. And of course, the LGUs, within their limitations, were first in distributing food packs to the people. The DSWD was way behind and under-prepared.

With this kind of government performance, the Philippines is ranked as the “least safe” country in the Asia-Pacific as well as the 9th “riskiest” country in the world in the present duration of COVID-19 pandemic. These findings are among the results of studies by Hong Kong-based Deep Knowledge Global (DKG) that focused on 150 countries’ performance on quarantine efficiency, monitoring detection, government management efficiency and emergency treatment readiness.

Another remark that should shake the government from its ineptitude and insensibilities is the one from the Chinese medical experts that observed the government’s COVID-19 response. The head of the team had this grim outlook, the Philippines “might not be able to cut off the local source” of the coronavirus2019 disease. In an interview over China’s CCTV Asia-Pacific, Dr. Wang Shangeng, head of the medical team said, “the country lacks beds and testing capacity. Many of the country’s COVID-19 patients are still quarantined at home instead of being admitted to hospitals.”

Slow in learning, fast in repressing

The incident in Sitio Zapatera, Barangay Luz, Cebu City echoes the warnings by Dr. Wang Shangeng and the finding by DKG. It forecasts the fate that awaits the rest of the nation still grappling with COVID-19. Sitio Zapatera showcases the haphazard testing by the DOH and the utter lack of community quarantine facilities for PUIs, PUMs, and hospital accommodation for COVID-19 positive patients. The case of Sitio Zapatera shows how fast novel coronavirus could spread in densely populated communities and that home quarantine is impossible for poor persons infected with COVID-19. But after 135 residents of the sitio tested COVID-19 positive, the health department ceased testing and declared the community as “contaminated”.

The community was literally locked-down and locked-in by a cordon of armed policemen, soldiers and armored personnel carriers (APCs) as if turned into a concentration camp. In this condition, the 9,000 residents of Brgy. Luz was placed in direct danger of being contaminated with COVID-19. After some hours, but pressured by public outcry, the city government resumed COVID 19 testing.

Sitio Zapatera and succeeding, scary incidents in Metro Manila involving policemen and soldiers, senselessly forcing civilians to “follow ECQ rules”, confirm the government is not about to heed the people’s urgent needs and the warnings by DKG and Dr. Wang.
COVID-19 pandemic is a global public health crisis. Thus, solving it should involve the informed and active participation of all the people. This means the people’s health, nutrition and resistance against diseases should not be further compromised. The people, especially the poor majority, have endured so much through the endless wait for food, cash aid, and mass COVID-19 testing, particularly for the PUIs and PUMs; the elderly, PWDs, immuno-compromised; and, the front- liners.

But the daily report by the PNP on the accumulating or increasing “violations” of ECQ rules is overshadowing whatever progress or problems in mass Covid19 testing and contact tracing and the distribution of SAP cash subsidy to millions of poor families.

The most recently reported 133,000 “ECQ violators” are more than twice the 59,928 citizens who have been tested for COVID-19 until April 18. The number of tests for COVID-19 could dramatically increase to reach 10,000 to 20,000 tests per day by the end of April and more by May 15 if only the DOH ceases foot-dragging and instead steadily decentralize testing by giving wider room to LGUs and the Red Cross that are now conducting COVID-19 tests. This is most urgently needed now that the Research Institute for Tropical Medicine (RITM), the country’s primary testing center and laboratory, is now operating below capacity because 43 of its employees tested COVID-19 positive.

The country’s health system capacity is also further limited by the fact that health and medical workers are at direct and high risk of getting infected. Until presently 766 health and medical personnel, including 339 doctors, 242 nurses, and 185 medical technologists, hospital attendants and others have been infected with COVID-19. They include 22 doctors who have laid down their lives. At least, health secretary Duque has admitted that severe lack of PPEs, not patients’ “dishonesty”, is the main cause of this. However, until very recently, Dr. Jimenez, president of Private Hospitals Association of The Philippines, Inc. (PHAPI) was begging the DOH to also provide private hospitals with PPEs.

Our view and proposal

Over one month of Luzon-wide ECQ and various levels of community quarantine in certain cities and provinces in Visayas and Mindanao have been crippling the national economy. Tens of millions are jobless, without a livelihood and other sources of income. Millions are hungry and more people are getting sick due to malnutrition and exposure to infections other than COVID-19, which makes them more susceptible to this deadlier type of coronavirus. But mass Covid19-testing is still far behind the number of people that should be given priority to it.

In view of this, Kilusan para sa Pambansang Demokrasya (KILUSAN) joins others in opposing further militarization and total lockdown. We propose and support calls for calibrated lifting of Luzon-wide ECQ though considering selective ECQ for specified or defined areas that warrant it based on the scientific and objective study of the results of continuing mass testing/contact tracing.

Because it is necessary to strike a delicate balance between containment and mitigation of COVID-19 contagion and running the economy, KILUSAN proposes that focus should be on ensuring production and efficient flow or undisrupted supply chain of essential goods and services. This is urgent to be able to feed, especially the poor, and ensure the general well-being of the people.

Kilusan para sa Pambansang Demokrasya (KILUSAN)

https://www.facebook.com/notes/kilusan-para-sa-pambansang-demokrasya/statement-%F0%9D%99%89%F0%9D%99%A4-%F0%9D%99%A9%F0%9D%99%A4-%F0%9D%99%88%F0%9D%99%9E%F0%9D%99%A1%F0%9D%99%9E%F0%9D%99%A9%F0%9D%99%96%F0%9D%99%A7%F0%9D%99%9E%F0%9D%99%AF%F0%9D%99%96%F0%9D%99%A9%F0%9D%99%9E%F0%9D%99%A4%F0%9D%99%A3-%F0%9D%99%A4%F0%9D%99%9B-%F0%9D%99%8B%F0%9D%99%AA%F0%9D%99%97%F0%9D%99%A1%F0%9D%99%9E%F0%9D%99%98-%F0%9D%99%83%F0%9D%99%9A%F0%9D%99%96%F0%9D%99%A1%F0%9D%99%A9%F0%9D%99%9D-%F0%9D%99%80%F0%9D%99%A2%F0%9D%99%9A%F0%9D%99%A7%F0%9D%99%9C%F0%9D%99%9A%F0%9D%99%A3%F0%9D%99%98%F0%9D%99%AE/3215132311875019/

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WATCH NOW! LIVE: ECQ One Month after… #AnyareNa? -iDEFEND, PAHRA

Isang buwan tayo naka kwarantina, may nabago ba? In-extend pa. Nakakapagsagawa ba ng maayos na hakbang ang pamahalaan laban sa pagkalat ng #COVID19PH? Ating pag usapan.

Kasama sina:
Dr. Nymia Pimentel Simbulan
Chairperson, Philippine Alliance of Human Rights Advocates (PAHRA)
Executive Director, Philippine Human Rights Information Center (PhilRights)

Atty. Ted Te
Free Legal Assistance Group (FLAG)

Dr. Nemuel Fajutagana
Medical Action Group (MAG)

Judy Pasimio
Purple Action for Indigenous Women’s Rights (LILAK)
Spokesperson, In Defense of Human Rights and Dignity Movement (iDEFEND)

Gary Granada
League of Authors, Artists, Advocates of Public Interest (LAPIS)

Tagapagpadaloy:
Rose Trajano
Secretary General, Philippine Alliance of Human Rights Advocates (PAHRA)

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[Statement] People over profit! Resist big business attempts to lift the ECQ to secure profits at the cost of workers’ lives -SPARK

People over profit!
Resist big business attempts to lift the ECQ to secure profits at the cost of workers’ lives

Last April 12, 2020, Teresita Sy-Coson, vice-chair of the largest corporate conglomerate in the Philippines, SM Investments Corp. appealed to the government to allow all industries to resume 50 percent of their operating capacity even as the country remained on tight guard against COVID-19. She argued that if “appropriate medical precautions” were implemented, such as ensuring the widespread availability of test kits, masks, disinfecting measures in crowded places, social distancing, and sanitation safeguards, then businesses should be allowed to operate at 50% capacity.

Sy-Coson further stated that “employment is key to the health of families, allowing parents to put food on their table”. This statement is in line with the proposals of economists from the Foundation for Economic Freedom. She proposed 18 conditions with the conglomerate’s proposal including the following: prohibiting car-sharing except for passengers coming from the same origin, allowing public transport with disinfection measures, removing checkpoints, and allowing factories and offices to reopen with staggered working hours if necessary.

While some conditions are acceptable and will benefit the people at large (such as prohibiting car-sharing and allowing public transport for essential workers), allowing businesses and factories to reopen this early during the lockdown will lead to the eradication of the gains made in “flattening the curve” of infections.

The proposal to reopen businesses contradicts the World Health Organization’s advice for the Philippines. According to WHO Pacific Regional Director Dr. Takeshi Kasai, “the Philippines is not forced to undergo a large-scale community quarantine precisely because of the lockdown”. He then stated that “the government should try to stay in this stage as much as possible” citing the need to “flatten the curve” of infections. Similar sentiments were aired by UP Executive Vice President Teodoro Herbosa Jr., though favoring a “modified community quarantine” with “offices and schools closed”. It must also be noted that mass testing for persons under monitoring and patients under investigation had only recently begun, and there may be thousands more unreported cases of COVID-19 in the Philippines.

This crisis has revealed to the world the truth of economic growth, that all social wealth is created by the workers and the toiling masses.

It is clear that SM Investments Corp. and other business conglomerates are panicking at the sight of their profits and imaginary stocks dropping during this crisis. In a bid to continue their endless pursuit for profit at the expense of the toil, sweat, time, and often, blood of their workers, capitalists are foaming at the mouth, lobbying for an abrupt and deadly end to the lockdown.

While it is true that this crisis and the community quarantine has tanked our economy, and has hit the masses the hardest, the government must do everything possible to “flatten the curve” while prioritizing the welfare of the poor and working class.

SPARK dares the government to ensure that hospitals and our frontliners are capacitated to conduct mass testing, that a truly pro-poor and pro-marginalized community quarantine is implemented, that families have enough food on their tables, and lastly that existing social amelioration programs are drastically expanded rather than being scaled down. SPARK also calls on the government to prioritize community and medical solutions, instead of intimidation of critics and those who are merely trying to survive in a time of crisis.

If they continue to fail to do any of these, the working class and the toiling masses will gradually be forced to rise up in ever greater numbers amid hunger and crippling poverty. Contrary to what our elites think, a hungry people amid elite neglect is a recipe for revolution. SPARK therefore calls on fellow youth and all progressive sectors to join the masses in their fight not just for survival, but also for a world where we are no longer beholden to the dictates of the elite.

Free mass testing now! Pagkain para sa lahat! Economic aid, ngayon na!
SINGILIN ANG PALPAK AT PABAYANG GOBYERNONG DUTERTE!

#PeopleOverProfit
#StandWithWorkers
#MassTestingNowPH
#EndEliteRule

Sources:
Garcia, M. A. (2020, April 5). Quarantine extension would flatten COVID-19 curve – UP team. Retrieved April 13, 2020, from https://www.msn.com/…/quarantine-extension-woul…/ar-BB12c1Ac

Dumlao-Abadilla, D. (2020, April 12). Sy-Coson: Allow 50% business operations. Retrieved April 13, 2020, from https://business.inquirer.net/…/sy-coson-allow-50-business-…

Ferreras, V. (2020, April 8). Lockdown saves PH from large-scale community outbreak, WHO says. Retrieved April 13, 2020, from https://cnnphilippines.com/…/WHO-PH-lockdown-prevent-large-…

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[Action Alert] (Philippines) Arrest of more than 75,000 individuals for curfew violations during Luzon-wide enhanced community quarantine -TFDP

Action Alert

April 9, 2020

(Philippines) Arrest of more than 75,000 individuals for curfew violations during Luzon-wide enhanced community quarantine

Dear Friends,

The Task Force Detainees of the Philippines (TFDP) is forwarding to you an appeal regarding the arrest of more than 75,000 individuals for curfew violations during the Luzon-wide enhanced community quarantine.

————————————————————————————————————————————
According to a news article written by Danielle Nakpil and posted on cnnphilippines.com on April 7, 2020 (https://www.cnnphilippines.com/news/2020/4/7/More-than-75,000-individuals-arrested-for-curfew-violations-.html), more than 75,000 individuals have been arrested as of April 3 for violating curfew hours in the Luzon-wide enhanced community quarantine.

The article cited the report of the Joint Congressional Oversight Committee that 75,750 curfew violators have been accosted by the Joint Task Force Coronavirus Shield (JTF CoViD Shield).

While the implementation of curfew hours is a measure for the protection of the welfare of citizens and to prevent the spread of COVID-19, the police cannot just arrest individuals for violation of health emergency measures. A warrantless arrest may only be done if the individual assaults the law enforcer or is caught committing a crime.

Article 9 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) provides that “no one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile. Likewise, the 1987 Philippine Constitution guarantees that no Filipino shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law.

It is also alarming that there have been reports of arrested individuals having been detained in cramped spaces where it would be impossible for them to practice physical distancing. This defeats the very purpose of the enhanced community quarantine.

Furthermore, in the post of the Philippine National Police on April 8, 2020, in its Facebook account, it mentioned that according to the data of JTF CoViD Shield from March 17 to April 7, a total of 93,242 violators have been accosted nationwide. More than half of the violators were from Luzon. Some of the violators were fined, some were charged, while others are set to be slapped with appropriate charges.

We wish to remind the government that at this time of the COVID-19 pandemic, it is the health of the citizens that should be the priority. This crisis should be considered and handled as a health issue, rather than a peace and order situation problem. What the government should focus on is the prevention of the increase of COVID-19 cases, not the increase in the number of individuals arrested.

SUGGESTED ACTION:

Please write a letter to the following authorities, urging them to:

A. respect each person’s right to liberty and security and initiate inquiries of possible human rights violations in the implementation of the enhanced community quarantine;

B. guarantee in all circumstances the physical and psychological integrity of people asserting their rights during the enhanced community quarantine; and

C. ensure in all circumstances, especially in this time of the COVID 19 pandemic, respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms in accordance with the 1987 Philippine Constitution, international human rights standards and international instruments signed and ratified by the Philippines.

Please send your letters:

1. His Excellency Rodrigo Roa Duterte
President, Republic of the Philippines
New Executive Building, Malacanang Palace Compound
JP Laurel Street, San Miguel, Manila
1005 Philippines
Tel: +632 87368645; +632 87368603; +632-87368606; +632-87368629; +632-87368621
Telefax: +632 87368621
E-mail: pcc@malacanang.gov.ph

2. Her Excellency Maria Leonor G. Robredo
Vice President, Republic of the Philippines
Reception House 110 11th Street
Brgy. Mariana, New Manila, Quezon City
TL: +632 5346451
E-mail: vp@ovp.gov.ph; lenirobredo.ovp@gmail.com

3. Hon. Menardo Guevarra
Secretary, Department of Justice (DOJ)
Padre Faura Street, Ermita, Manila
1000 Philippines
Tel: +632 85218348
Telefax: +632 85262618
Trunkline: +632 85238481 loc 217
Email: osecmig@gmail.com, communications@doj.gov.ph

4. Hon. Eduardo Aňo
Secretary, Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG)
DILG-NAPOLCOM Center
EDSA corner Quezon Avenue, Quezon City
Tel: +632 89250330; +632 89250331
Fax: +632 89250332
Trunkline: +632 88763454 loc 1001
Email: emano@dilg.gov.ph

5. Hon. Jose Luis Martin Gascon
Chairperson, Commission on Human Rights (CHR)
SAAC Bldg., Commonwealth Avenue
U.P. Complex, Diliman
Quezon City
Philippines
Tel: +632 89285655; +632 89266188
Telefax: +632 89290102
Email: chairgascon.chr@gmail.com

6. PNP Chief Lt. Gen. Archie Gamboa
Philippine National Police
PNP National Headquarters
Camp General Crame, EDSA
Quezon City, Metro Manila, Philippines 1100
Tel: +632 87230401; +632 87220650 local 3453/3473

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